BASIC FOR BUSINESS by S. L. Salzedo
Special Wordlist for Business : (50)   (frontspiece)
acceptance, address, agency, allowance, assets, assistant, average,
bale, bankrupt, barrel, bill, broker, certificate, charge, claim,
client, code, complaint, consignment, cost, court, customs,
debit, deck, defect, delivery, export, gross, guarantee, hire, hold,
import, investment, liability, license, load, loan,
packing, pair, partner, purchase, reference, retail,
sale, sample, show, sight, strike, supply, wholesale.
BUSINESS WORDS PUT INTO BASIC , page 193
account sales , Basic words.
accountant , Accounts expert (assistant) ; book-keeper. Basic words.
accept , v . Take (over)
acceptable , adj . Pleasing. Your price is acceptable, your price is right for us.
acknowledge , v . I beg to acknowledge, I have (got).
ad valorem , adj . On the value.
address , Postal address , post address, address for letters ; telegraphic address , address for telegrams.
advance , v . Increase ; payment on account.
advertise , v . Give advertisement ; make public.
agent , Representative ; person with the agency. Forwarding agent, sending agent.
agree , b. Come to an agreement ; be in agreement. Agree an account, give approval to.
appoint , v . Make ; give (person) the position of.
appointment , Position ; acting as.
arbitration , Outside decision.
arrival , On arrival, when (it) came.
assessment , Value placed on goods ; valuing.
assortment , Selection ; mixed.
auction , s., v . Public sale. Put up for public sale.
average , Particular average, damage ; average adjusters, average adjustment experts.
back order , v . Put off sending part of an order till later.
balance , s., v . the rest ; amount (n an account).
Credit balance , amount at credit. balancing.
bankruptcy , Becoming (going) bankrupt..
bargain , Something cheap ; cheap goods. A bargain price , a low price.
bearer , Person who takes cheque (letter) to another..
bid , s., v . Offer.
bill , Bill of loading bill of loading.
bill of exchange , Basic words..
binding , adj . Having the force of law.
bona fide , adj . Straightforward ; upright.
bond , Agreement. In bond , kept by the Customs.
bonus , Payment (allowance) in addition.
book-keeper , Basic words.
brand , Sort ; quality.
breakage , Damage ; getting broken.
bulk , Size. Load in bulk , loading loose ; bulk sample , general sample.
buyer , Purchaser.
call , v . Call forward , Make a request to send.
cancellation , Taking back (an order) ; stopping (order).
cargo , Shipload.
carriage , Carriage paid , payment of carriage by sender.
cartage , Carting ; charge for carting.
case , (Great) box..
cash , s., v . Ready money. Cash on delivery , payment on delivery ; cash against documents , payment against forwarding papers . Cash a check , get money for.
catalogue , List of goods made.
certificate , Guaranteed statement. Certificate of origin , guaranteed statement of where goods were made.
circular , Open letter ; advertisement.
clause , Condition.
clerk , Office-assistant.
collection , Group ; getting payment of (debts).
commerce , Trade.
commission , Allowance on sales. Commission house , sales agency.
commitment , Undertaking ; debt.
competitive , adj . (With) much competition. Competitive prices , low prices, prices low enough for the competition.
competitor , Person (business) in competition ; person in the same trade.
composition , Agreement with creditors.
concern , A going concern , a going business ; business in working order.
confidential , adj. Private.
consignee , Person to whom the goods are sent.
consignor , Sender (of consignment).
consumer , Purchaser ; user
consumption , Purchase ; use
contents , What is in parcel (letter).
contract , s., v . Agreement. Contract note, note of agreement. Undertake.
contribution , Payment ; allowance.
conveyance , Mode of conveyance, form of transport.
c.i.f. , Cost, insurance, transport ; c.i.t.
counterfoil , Paper kept by sender.
counter-offer , Answering offer.
countermand , v . Put a stop to (order).
cover , Open cover, general insurance agreement.
crate , (Open sided) box.
credit , Opening an irrevocable credit, opening an unchanging credit.
credit note , Basic words
crossed cheque , Cheque for payment into an account.
currency , Money of a country.
customer , Client.
date , s., v . Day ; month ; year. What is the date of the letter ? when was the letter sent ?
dealer , Trader.
debit note , Basic words.
debtor , Person in debt (to).
declaration , Statement. Customs declaration, statement for customs.
declare , v . Make a statement. Declare on, put on to insurance agreement.
decode , v . Take out of code.
deficit , Amount by which an amount is less than is right.
delcredere , Danger of bad debts.
demand , Market. In demand, in request.
department , Division.
departure , Time of sailing ; when the steamer goes.
depreciation , Getting less in value.
despatch , v . Send. Dispatch note, note of sending.
destination , Place to which goods are sent ; place of delivery.
discharge , v . Unloading ; off-loading.
discount , s., v . Allowance off payment (price). Make sale of (bill).
distributor , Agency
dividend (in bankruptcy) , Payment per cent,made to bankrupt's creditors
document , Paper. Forwarding documents, transport papers.
draft , Bill.Banker's draft, banker's cheque; documentary draft, bill for payment with shipping papers.
due , adj . It is due, it is the time for
duplicate , s., v . Copy. In duplicate, in two copies. Duplicate with, be the same as.
duty , Customs tax. Duty paid, customs payment made.
employer , Person hiring workers.
employee , Person working for ; worker
enclosed , adj. Under same cover.
endorsement , Name signed on the back.
engagement , Undertaking ; making oneself responsible for.
enquiry , Question ; request for details (price) ; looking into
entry , Record.
estimate , Rough statement.
excess , Amount over. Excess postage, charge for overweight.
execute , v . Give effect to ; do.
exhibition , Show.
export , v . Send (out of the country) ; be an exporter of ; exporting.
extra , adj., adv . Another ; a second ; in addition. Specially.
factory , Works.
favour , Letter ; order
file , s., v . Record.
firm , Business house.
f.o.b. , Free on board (boat) ; f.o.b.
f.o.r. , Free on railway ; f.o.r.
formality , Form.
forward , v . Send.
freight , Transport charge ; good. Freight note, railway receipt (for goods).
future , Buying futures, purchasing goods for future delivery.
general average , Basic words. Distribution of payment in damage.
get-up , A good (bad) get-up, pleasing (unpleasing) to the eye.
goodwill , Good name and connection.
grade , Quality.
grande vitesse , Quick train.
grower , Producer ; planter
holder , Owner.
imitation , s., adj . Copy. False.
import , v. Be an importer of ; importing.
indent , Order.
informant , Person giving facts.
infringement , Something going against rights.
inspect , v . Have a look at.
inspection , Looking at (into)
inst. , The 1st inst., the 1st of this month.
installation , Putting in.
installment , Part payment of an amount ; goods sent as part of an order.
instruction , Direction ; order
insured , adj . Covered by insurance.
insurer , Person giving insurance.
intermediary , Go-between ; agency.
introduction , Letter of introduction, letter about a person.
invoice , s., v . Account. Rectified invoice, account with errors put right ; render an invoice, give a list of goods. Make out an account.
issue (of newspaper) , Number.
installment , (Part) payment.
item , Thing ; detail. Itemised statement, detailed statement.
job , Job line, very cheap goods.
ledger , Account book ; credit and debit book.
licensee , Person with a licence.
licensor , Person giving a licence.
line , Line of goods, sort (quality) of goods ; steamship line, steamship company ; line of business, branch of business.
literature , Advertisement material ; propaganda.
litigation , Going to law ; taking question to court.
lodgment (of claim) , Putting forward.
mail , Post. Send (by post).
manifest , Ship's manifest, Ship's goods list.
manufacture , s., v . Make. Manufacturing licence, licence to make.
margin (of profit) , Amount for profit.
maturity , Coming up for payment.
merchandise , Goods.
merchant , Trader
miscarry , v . Go wrong (in the post).
missing , adj . Not there ; short.
money order , Basic words.
negotiate , Talking over.
notice , s., v . Statement. Give notice to him, say that he will have to go ; give notice that, say that (something will take place). Take notice of the fact.
obligation , Debt ; undertaking.
option , First chance of purchasing.
outstanding , adj . Of which payment has not been made.
overcharge , Basic words.
overdue , adj . Late (in payment).
package , Parcel
packing , Packing extra,without packing, packing separate ; packing included with packing.
parcel (of goods) , Consignment.
partnership , Business of partners.
pattern , Sample ; design.
payable , adj . Payment to be made.
per , Price per ton, Price a ton ; as per invoice, as on the account ; per goods train, by goods train.
perishable , adj . Will go bad.
petite vitesse , Good train.
pilferage , Loss by taking.
policy , Insurance agreement.
port , Harbour ; town. Post of destination, town to which goods are sent.
porterage , Porter's charge.
post , Registered post, receipt ed post ; by return post, by the first possible post.
postage , Post charge. Excess postage, charge for overweight.
post free , Basic words.
premium , Payment for an insurance.
principle , s., v . Head ; chief. Capital (amount).
proceeds , Profits.
product , Produce.
profitable , Giving profit.
prohibitive , adj . Overhigh ; at a price one is unable to give.
prompt , adj . Quick
proposal , Suggestion
prospectus , Details of a business (company).
prox. , The 2nd prox., the 2nd of the coming month.
quantity , Amount.
quota , Limited amount (imports).
quotation , Price given.
quote , v . Give a price.
rate , Through rate, charge for the complete journey.
realization , Sale.
realize (a price) , v . Get.
rebate , Allowance
receiver (in bankruptcy) , Controller for bankrupts.
refund , Give back money.
regulation , Rule ; condition.
reminder , Letter (statement) to put one in mind of.
remit , v . Send.
remittance , Payment.
renewal of bill , Giving a new bill
rent , Payment for hire of land (buildings).
repayment , Payment of a debt.
repeat order , Order like the one before ; order for the same goods as before.
report , s., v . Account ; statement.
reputation , (Good) name.
re-sale , Sale to others
re-seller , Person making sale to others.
risk , Danger. Take a chance.
royalty , Payment on sales.
sack , Bag
scheduled , adj . Listed ; fixed.
select , v . Make a selection.
seller , Person making a sales ; trader.
service , A sales service, a sales organization ; at your service, ready to take your orders ; years of service, years of work.
settlement , Payment ; agreement.
ship , v . Send by ship (to). Short-shipped, shipped in smaller amount than that ordered.
shipment , Consignment.
shortage , Amount by which a thing is not enough ; not enough of.
signature , Signed name.
slump , s., v . Bad times ; fall in prices ; no market for.
source , Place from which things are got.
specialise , v . Make a special business of.
speciality , Special branch.
specification , Detailed list (account)
specimen , Example ; sample.
spot goods , Goods ready for delivery.
staff , Workers ; the office.
standard , s., adj . Of normal (fixed) value. Up to standard, up to quality. Gold standard, gold base.
standing , s., adj . Position. fixed.
staple , adj . Chief ; most important (produce).
stenography , Shorthand.
stock , s., v . Goods in hand ; supply. Consignment stock, goods for maker's account.
storage , storing.
stow , v . Put away.
stowage , Storing ; storing place.
style , (Trading) name.
subscription , Payment.
survey , s., v . Looking at.
surveyor , Insurance valuer.
tare , Weight of packing. Weight charged free of tare, charge for net weight.
tariff , List of import taxes.
tender , s., v . Sale offer ; offer (to do work at a certain price).
terminate , v . Put an end to.
terms , Conditions ; price
territory , Place (of agency).
testimonial , Reference
trade-mark , Basic words.
tramp; steamer , Steamer which is not regular.
transact , v . Do business.
transaction , Business done ;exchange ; sale.
tranship , v . Put into another ship.
transshipment , Putting into another ship.
transit , In transit, on the journey.
traveller , Salesman (on he road) ; representative.
trial , Test.
turnover , Basic words. Amount of business done.
typewriting , Machine-writing.
ult. , The 9th ult., The 9th of last month.
underselling , adj . Charging lower prices ; cheaper sale ; undercutting (prices).
undersigned , adj . Basic words.
underwriter , Person giving insurance.
unsaleable , adj . Not in condition for sale ; no market for.
vacancy , Place
valuation , Valuing ; value placed on.
warehouse , s., v . Store-house ; Storing.
way-bill , Railway receipt.