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Concerning life and conduct

1 Better a bit of dry bread in peace, than a house full of feasting and violent behaviour.
2 A servant who does wisely will have rule over a son causing shame, and will have his part in the heritage among brothers.
3 The heating-pot is for silver and the oven-fire for gold, but the Lord is the tester of hearts.
4 A wrongdoer gives attention to evil lips, and a man of deceit gives ear to a damaging tongue.
5 Whoever makes sport of the poor puts shame on his Maker ; and he who is glad because of trouble will not go free from punishment.
6 Children's children are the crown of old men, and the glory of children is their fathers.
7 Fair words are not to be looked for from a foolish man, much less are false lips in a ruler.
8 An offering of money is like a stone of great price in the eyes of him who has it : wherever he goes, he does well.
9 He who keeps a sin covered is looking for love ; but he who keeps on talking of a thing makes division between friends.
10 A word of protest goes deeper into one who has sense than a hundred blows into a foolish man.
11 An uncontrolled man is only looking for trouble, so a cruel servant will be sent against him.
12 It is better to come face to face with a bear whose young ones have been taken away than with a foolish man acting foolishly.
13 If anyone gives back evil for good, evil will never go away from his house.
14 The start of fighting is like the letting out of water : so give up before it comes to blows.
15 He who gives a decision for the evil-doer and he who gives a decision against the upright, are equally disgusting to the Lord.
16 How will money in the hand of the foolish get him wisdom, seeing that he has no sense?
17 A friend is loving at all times, and becomes a brother in times of trouble.
18 A man without sense gives his hand in an agreement, and makes himself responsible before his neighbour.
19 The lover of fighting is a lover of sin : he who makes high his doorway is looking for destruction.
20 Nothing good comes to him whose heart is fixed on evil purposes : and he who has an evil tongue will come to trouble.
21 He who has an unwise son gets sorrow for himself, and the father of a foolish son has no joy.
22 A glad heart makes a healthy body, but a crushed spirit makes the bones dry.
23 A sinner takes an offering out of his robe, to get a decision for himself in a cause.
24 Wisdom is before the face of him who has sense ; but the eyes of the foolish are on the ends of the earth.
25 A foolish son is a grief to his father, and bitter pain to her who gave him birth.
26 To give punishment to the upright is not good, or to give blows to the noble for their righteousness.
27 He who has knowledge says little: and he who has a calm spirit is a man of good sense.
28 Even the foolish man, when he keeps quiet, is taken to be wise : when his lips are shut he is credited with good sense.

Concerning life and conduct

1 He who keeps himself separate for his private purpose goes against all good sense.
2 A foolish man has no pleasure in good sense, but only to let what is in his heart come to light.
3 When the evil-doer comes, a low opinion comes with him, and with the loss of honour comes shame.
4 The words of a man's mouth are like deep waters : the fountain of wisdom is like a flowing stream.
5 To have respect for the person of the evil-doer is not good, or to give a wrong decision against the upright.
6 A foolish man's lips are a cause of fighting, and his mouth makes him open to blows.
7 The mouth of a foolish man is his destruction, and his lips are a net for his soul.
8 The words of one who says evil of his neighbour secretly are like sweet food, and go down into the inner parts of the stomach.
9 He who does not give his mind to his work is brother to him who makes destruction.
10 The name of the Lord is a strong tower : the upright man running into it is safe.
11 The property of a man of wealth is his strong town, and it is as a high wall in the thoughts of his heart.
12 Before destruction the heart of man is full of pride, and before honour goes a gentle spirit.
13 To give an answer before hearing is a foolish thing and a cause of shame.
14 The spirit of a man will be his support when he is ill ; but how may a broken spirit be lifted up?
15 The heart of the man of good sense gets knowledge ; the ear of the wise is searching for knowledge.
16 A man's offering makes room for him, letting him come before great men.
17 The man who first puts his cause before the judge seems to be in the right ; but then his neighbour comes and puts his cause in its true light.
18 The decision of chance puts an end to argument, parting the strong.
19 A brother wounded is like a strong town, and violent acts are like a locked tower.
20 With the fruit of a man's mouth his stomach will be full ; the produce of his lips will be his in full measure.
21 Death and life are in the power of the tongue ; and those to whom it is dear will have its fruit for their food.
22 Whoever gets a wife gets a good thing, and has the approval of the Lord.
23 The poor man makes requests for grace, but the man of wealth gives a rough answer.
24 There are friends who may be a man's destruction, but there is a lover who keeps nearer than a brother.

Concerning life and conduct

1     Better is the poor man whose ways are upright, than the man of wealth whose ways are twisted.
2 Further, without knowledge desire is not good ; and he who is over-quick in acting goes out of the right way.
3 By his foolish behaviour a man's ways are turned upside down, and his heart is bitter against the Lord.
4 Wealth makes a great number of friends ; but the poor man is parted from his friend.
5 A false witness will not go without punishment, and the breather out of deceit will not go free.
6 Great numbers will make attempts to get the approval of a ruler : and every man is the special friend of him who has something to give.
7 All the brothers of the poor man are against him: how much more do his friends go far from him! ...
8 He who gets wisdom has love for his soul : he who keeps good sense will get what is truly good.
9 A false witness will not go without punishment, and the breather out of deceit will be cut off.
10 Material comfort is not good for the foolish ; much less for a servant to be put over rulers.
11 A man's good sense makes him slow to wrath, and the overlooking of wrongdoing is his glory.
12 The king's wrath is like the loud cry of a lion, but his approval is like dew on the grass.
13 A foolish son is the destruction of his father ; and the bitter arguments of a wife are like drops of rain falling without end.
14 House and wealth are a heritage from fathers, but a wife with good sense is from the Lord.
15 Hate of work sends deep sleep on a man: and he who has no industry will go without food.
16 He who keeps the law keeps his soul ; but death will be the fate of him who takes no note of the word.
17 He who has pity on the poor gives to the Lord, and the Lord will give him his reward.
18 Give your son training while there is hope ; let not your heart be purposing his death.
19 A man of great wrath will have to take his punishment : for if you get him out of trouble you will have to do it again.
20 Let your ear be open to suggestion and take teaching, so that at the end you may be wise.
21 A man's heart may be full of designs, but the purpose of the Lord is unchanging.
22 The ornament of a man is his mercy, and a poor man is better than one who is false.
23 The fear of the Lord gives life : and he who has it will have need of nothing ; no evil will come his way.
24 The hater of work puts his hand deep into the basin, and will not even take it to his mouth again.
25 When blows overtake the man of pride, the simple will get sense ; say sharp words to the wise, and knowledge will be made clear to him.
26 He who is violent to his father, driving away his mother, is a son causing shame and a bad name.
27 A son who no longer gives attention to teaching is turned away from the words of knowledge.
28 A good-for-nothing witness makes sport of the judge's decision : and the mouth of evil-doers sends out evil like a stream.
29 Rods are being made ready for the man of pride, and blows for the back of the foolish.

Concerning life and conduct

1 Wine makes men foolish, and strong drink makes men come to blows ; and whoever comes into error through these is not wise.
2 The wrath of a king is like the loud cry of a lion : he who makes him angry does wrong against himself.
3 It is an honour for a man to keep from fighting, but the foolish are ever at war.
4 The hater of work will not do his ploughing because of the winter; so at the time of grain-cutting he will be requesting food and will get nothing.
5 The purpose in the heart of a man is like deep water, but a man of good sense will get it out.
6 Most men make no secret of their kind acts: but where is a man of good faith to be seen?
7 An upright man goes on in his righteousness: happy are his children after him!
8 A king on the seat of judging puts to flight all evil with his eyes.
9 Who is able to say, I have made my heart clean, I am free from my sin?
10 Unequal weights and unequal measures, they are all disgusting to the Lord.
11 Even a child may be judged by his doings, if his work is free from sin and if it is right.
12 The hearing ear and the seeing eye are equally the Lord's work.
13 Do not be a lover of sleep, or you will become poor: keep your eyes open, and you will have bread enough.
14 A poor thing, a poor thing, says he who is giving money for goods: but when he has gone on his way, then he makes clear his pride in what he has got.
15 There is gold and a store of corals : but the lips of knowledge are a jewel of great price.
16 Take a man's clothing if he makes himself responsible for a strange man, and get an undertaking from him who gives his word for strange men.
17 Bread of deceit is sweet to a man; but after, his mouth will be full of sand.
18 Every purpose is put into effect by wise help : and by wise guiding make war.
19 He who goes about talking of the business of others gives away secrets: so have nothing to do with him whose lips are open wide.
20 If anyone puts a curse on his father or his mother, his light will be put out in the blackest night.
21 A heritage may be got quickly at first, but the end of it will not be a blessing.
22 Do not say, I will give punishment for evil : go on waiting for the Lord, and he will be your saviour.
23 Unequal weights are disgusting to the Lord, and false scales are not good.
24 A man's steps are of the Lord; how then may a man have knowledge of his way ?
25 It is a danger to a man to say without thought, It is holy, and, after taking his oaths, to be questioning if it is necessary to keep them.
26 A wise king puts evil-doers to flight, and makes their evil-doing come back on them.
27 The Lord keeps watch over the spirit of man, searching all the deepest parts of the body.
28 Mercy and good faith keep the king safe, and the seat of his power is based on upright acts.
29 The glory of young men is their strength, and the honour of old men is their grey hairs.
30 By the wounds of the rod evil is taken away, and blows make clean the deepest parts of the body.

Concerning life and conduct

1 The king's heart in the hands of the Lord is like the water streams, and by him it is turned in any direction at his pleasure.
2 Every way of a man seems right to himself, but the Lord is the tester of hearts.
3 To do what is right and true is more pleasing to the Lord than an offering.
4 A high look and a heart of pride, *** of the evil-doer is sin.
5 The purposes of the man of industry have their outcome only in wealth; but one who is over-quick in acting will only come to be in need.
6 He who gets stores of wealth by a false tongue, is going after what is only breath, and searching for death.
7 By their violent acts the evil-doers will be pulled away, because they have no desire to do what is right.
8 Twisted is the way of him who is full of crime; but as for him whose heart is clean, his work is upright.
9 It is better to be living in an angle of the house-top, than with a bitter-tongued woman in a wide house.
10 The desire of the evil-doer is fixed on evil: he has no kind feeling for his neighbour.
11 When the man of pride undergoes punishment, the simple man gets wisdom; and by watching the wise he gets knowledge.
12 The Upright One, looking on the house of the evil-doer, lets sinners be overturned to their destruction.
13 He whose ears are stopped at the cry of the poor, will himself get no answer to his cry for help.
14 By a secret offering wrath is turned away, and the heat of angry feelings by money in the folds of the robe.
15 It is a joy to the good man to do right, but it is destruction to the workers of evil.
16 The wanderer from the way of knowledge will have his resting-place among the shades.
17 The lover of pleasure will be a poor man : the lover of wine and oil will not get wealth.
18 The evil-doer will be given as a price for the life of the good man, and the worker of deceit in the place of the upright.
19 It is better to be living in a waste land, than with a bitter-tongued and angry woman.
20 There is a store of great value in the house of the wise, but it is wasted by the foolish man.
21 He who goes after righteousness and mercy will get life, righteousness, and honour.
22 A wise man goes up into the town of the strong ones, and overcomes its strength in which they put their faith.
23 He who keeps watch over his mouth and his tongue keeps his soul from troubles.
24 The man of pride, lifted up in soul, is named high-hearted ; he is acting in an outburst of pride.
25 The desire of the hater of work is death to him, for his hands will do no work.
26 All the day the sinner goes after his desire : but the upright man gives freely, keeping nothing back.
27 The offering of evil-doers is disgusting: how much more when they give it with an evil purpose!
28 A false witness will be cut off, but the word of a go man will go on.
29 The evil-doer makes his face hard, but as for the upright, he gives thought to his way.
30 Wisdom and knowledge and wise suggestions are of no use against the Lord.
31 The horse is made ready for the day of war, but power to overcome is from the Lord.

Concerning life and conduct

1 A good name is more to be desired than great wealth, and to be respected is better than silver and gold.
2 The man of wealth and the poor man come face to face : the Lord is the maker of them all.
3 The sharp man sees the evil and takes cover : the simple go straight on and get into trouble.
4 The reward of a gentle spirit and the fear of the Lord is wealth and honour and life.
5 Thorns and nets are in the way of the twisted: he who keeps watch over his soul will be far from them.
6 If a child is trained up in the right way, even when he is old he will not be turned away from it.
7 The man of wealth has rule over the poor, and he who gets into debt is a servant to his creditor.
8 By planting the seed of evil a man will get in the grain of sorrow, and the rod of his wrath will be broken.
9 He who is kind will have a blessing, for he gives of his bread to the poor.
10 Send away the man of pride, and argument will go out ; truly fighting and shame will come to an end.
11 He whose heart is clean is dear to the Lord ; for the grace of his lips the king will be his friend.
12 The eyes of the Lord keep knowledge, but by him the acts of the false man will be overturned.
13 The hater of work says, There is a lion outside: I will be put to death in the streets.
14 The mouth of strange women is a deep hole : he with whom the Lord is angry will go down into it.
15 Foolish ways are deep-seated in the heart of a child, but the rod of punishment will send them far from him.
16 He who is cruel to the poor for the purpose of increasing his profit, and he who gives to the man of wealth, will only come to be in need.
17 Let your ear be bent down for hearing my words, and let your heart give thought to knowledge.
18 For it is a delight to keep them in your heart, to have them ready on your lips.
19 So that your faith may be in the Lord, I have made them clear to you this day, even to you.
20 Have I not put in writing for you thirty sayings, with wise suggestions and knowledge,
21 To make you see how certain are true words, so that you may give a true answer to those who put questions to you?
22 Do not take away the property of the poor man because he is poor, or be cruel to the crushed ones when they come before the judge :
23 For the Lord will give support to their cause, and take the life of those who take their goods.
24 Do not be friends with a man who is given to wrath ; do not go in the company of an angry man :
25 For fear of learning his ways and making a net ready for your soul.
26 Be not one of those who give their hands in an agreement, or of those who make themselves responsible for debts:
27 If you have nothing with which to make payment, he will take away your bed from under you.
28 Let not the old landmark be moved which your fathers have put in place.
29 Have you seen a man who is expert in his business ? he will take his place before kings; his place will not be among low persons.

Precepts and warnings

1 When you take your seat at the feast with a ruler, give thought with care to what is before you ;
2 And put a knife to your throat, if you have a strong desire for food.
3 Have no desire for his delicate food, for it is the bread of deceit.
4 Take no care to get wealth ; let there be an end to your desire for money.
5 Are your eyes lifted up to it? it is gone : for wealth takes to itself wings, like an eagle in flight up to heaven.
6 Do not take the food of him who has an evil eye, or have any desire for his delicate meat:
7 For as the thoughts of his heart are, so is he : Take food and drink, he says to you ; but his heart is not with you.
8 The food which you have taken will come up again, and your pleasing words will be wasted.
9 Say nothing in the hearing of a foolish man, for he will put no value on the wisdom of your words.
10 Do not let the landmark of the widow be moved, and do not go into the fields of those who have no father;
11 For their saviour is strong, and he will take up their cause against you.
12 Give your heart to teaching, and your ears to the words of knowledge.
13 Do not keep back training from the child : for even if you give him blows with the rod, it will not be death to him.
14 Give him blows with the rod, and keep his soul safe from the underworld.
15 My son, if your heart becomes wise, I, even I, will be glad in heart ;
16 And my thoughts in me will be full of joy when your lips say right things.
17 Have no envy of sinners in your heart, but keep in the fear of the Lord all through the day;
18 For without doubt there is a future, and your hope will not be cut off.

19 Give ear, my son, and be wise, guiding your heart in the right way.
20 Do not be among those who give themselves to wine-drinking, or among those who make themselves full with meat:
21 For those who take delight in drink and feasting will come to be in need; and through love of sleep a man will be poorly clothed.

22 Give ear to your father whose child you are, and do not keep honour from your mother when she is old.
23 Get for yourself that which is true, and do not let it go for money ; get wisdom and teaching and good sense.
24 The father of the upright man will be glad, and he who has a wise child will have joy because of him.
25 Let your father and your mother be glad, let her who gave you birth have joy.
26 My son, give me your heart, and let your eyes take delight in my ways.
27 For a loose woman is a deep hollow, and a strange woman is a narrow water-hole.
28 Yes, she is waiting secretly like a beast for its food, and deceit by her is increased among men.

29 Who says, Oh ! who says, Ah! who has violent arguments, who has grief, who has wounds without cause, whose eyes are dark ?
30 Those who are seated late over the wine : those who go looking for mixed wine.
31 Keep your eyes from looking on the wine when it is red, when its colour is bright in the cup, when it goes smoothly down :
32 In the end, its bite is like that of a snake, its wound like the wound of a poison-snake.
33 Your eyes will see strange things, and you will say twisted things.
34 Yes, you will be like him who takes his rest on the sea, or on the top of a sail-support.
35 They have overcome me, you will say, and I have no pain; they gave me blows without my feeling them: when will I be awake from my wine ? I will go after it again.

Precepts and warnings

1     Have no envy for evil men, or any desire to be with them : 2 For the purposes of their hearts are destruction, and their lips are talking of trouble.

3 The building of a house is by wisdom, and by reason it is made strong : 4 And by knowledge its rooms are full of all dear and pleasing things. 5 A wise man is strong ; and a man of knowledge makes strength greater. 6 For by wise guiding you will overcome in war : and in a number of wise guides there is salvation. 7 Wisdom is outside the power of the foolish : he keeps his mouth shut in the public place.
8 He whose purposes are bad will be named a man of evil designs.
9 The purpose of the foolish is sin : and the hater of authority is disgusting to others.

10 If you give way in the day of trouble, your strength is small. 11 Be the saviour of those who are given up to death, and do not keep back help from those who are slipping to destruction. 12 If you say, See, we had no knowledge of this : does not the tester of hearts give thought to it ? and he who keeps your soul, has he no knowledge of it ? and will he not give to every man the reward of his work?

13 My son, take honey, for it is good ; and the flowing honey, which is sweet to your taste : 14 So let your desire be for wisdom : if you have it, there will be a future, and your hope will not be cut off. 15 Do not keep a secret watch, O evil-doer, against the fields of the upright man, or send destruction on his resting-place : 16 For an upright man, after falling seven times, will get up again : but trouble is the downfall of the evil.

17 Do not be glad at the fall of your hater, and let not your heart have joy at his downfall : 18 For fear that the Lord may see it, and it may be evil in his eyes, and his wrath may be turned away from him.

19 Do not be troubled because of evil-doers, or have envy of sinners : 20 For there will be no future for the evil man ; the light of sinners will be put out.
21 My son, go in fear of the Lord and the king : have nothing to do with those who are in high positions : 22 For their downfall will come suddenly ; and who has knowledge of the destruction of those in high positions?

23 These are more sayings of the wise :
To have respect for a person's position when judging is not good.
24 He who says to the evil-doer, You are upright, will be cursed by peoples and hated by nations. 25 But those who say sharp words to him will have delight, and a blessing of good will come on them. 26 He gives a kiss with his lips who gives a right answer.

27 Put your work in order outside, and make it ready in the field ; and after that, see to the building of your house.

28 Do not be a violent witness against your neighbour, or let your lips say what is false. 29 Say not, I will do to him as he has done to me ; I will give the man the reward of his work. 30 I went by the field of the hater of work, and by the vine-garden of the man without sense ; 31 And it was all full of thorns, and covered with waste plants, and its stone wall was broken down. 32 Then looking at it, I gave thought : I saw, and I got teaching from it. 33 A little sleep, a little rest, a little folding of the hands in sleep : 34 So loss will come on you like an outlaw, and your need like an armed man.

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