EVERYDAY BASIC ENGLISH
C. K. OGDEN
To the Reader
I. The Newcomer 13
1. The Railway Station 17
2. The Hotel 22
3. The Bank 27
4. A Meeting in the Street 32
5. The Restaurant 37
6. The Store 43
7. The Theater 50
8. A Day in the Country 55
II. Stories 65
1. The Ruler's New Clothing 70
2. The Woman of Ephesus 84
3. Stories of Baron Munchausen 92
1. The Kellogg Agreement 106
2. The Atlantic Charter 112
IV. Radio News 117
V. History -- the future of Basic English 135
The Shape of Things to Come, by H. G. Wells
TO THE READER
Basic English, which is used in these pages, is
designed to be a second language for all the nations
of the earth.
Some persons who have given much time and trouble
to the development of an international outlook are
shocked by this statement. "Why English," they say,
"when it might be possible to put together a language
based on European roots which would be equally hard
for all?" The answer is that in serious questions the
heart has to be ruled by the head, and that it would be
very foolish to let a theory about the feelings of our
friends make us take decisions which are against their
We are faced with the fact that English is now the
natural or political language of over 500,000,000 per-
sons. The growth and teaching of these millions has
been the work of 500 years, and it has become one of
the chief undertakings of the education authorities in at
least thirty countries to see that English is used even
But it takes three or four years to get a working
knowledge of English in its present form; and very
much longer for the nations of the East and countries
not in touch with European learning.
This has been the guiding thought of those who, after
working for ten years, have made a selection of the 850
Basic words. The list is printed on the bit of notepaper
in front of the book. These 850 words (with their
expansions of sense and special uses) do all the work
for which 10-20,000 are normally used. The process of
selection was a slow one, because, for the purpose in
hand, it had to be based on something more than
common sense and common needs. Only by making a
complex map of the different ranges and levels of
language was it possible to see if there was a small
group of Basic or key words, and if so, which these key
words were. This work was rewarded by the discovery
that attention to the structure of facts and statements
will make it possible to get a short list of words which,
though simple, are of as much use to the man of science
as they are to the man in the street.
A learner who is interested in going to the roots of
his knowledge will quickly see the value of Basic as an
instrument of thought. It is, however, equally possible
to take it at its face value as the simplest answer to
Babel. Esperanto and other systems of the same sort
have been long in the field, but a language which is
talked only by a small number of specially interested
persons, and is simple only for certain European
groups, has little chance of support. Basic, on the other
hand, is as simple for a Chinese as it is for a French-
man because, in addition to being limited to 850 words,
it has no 'verbs'. That is not to say, however, that the
reader will come across no 'verb'-forms in these pages.
The sixteen 'operators' (put, go, and so on) which,
when put with the 'directives' (such as in, out), take
the place of 'verbs' (put in= 'insert'; go in=
'enter') are the key to the system.
Basic English is designed in the first place for the
needs of radio and talking-pictures, for journeying to
other countries, and with the help of special lists for
science and trade. It is necessary to make it quite clear
that a second language like Basic is not to be judged by
its power to give pleasure in itself. Those who are
interested in the feeling-value of words will do well,
whatever is offered to them in the way of an international
language, to get a good knowledge of one or
more languages outside their mother tongue. But for
the tens of millions who are not specially interested in
words, and who make use of language in every way but
as an instrument of art, the less time wasted, even in
schools, on learning unnecessary tricks, the better.
There are some, however, to whom the simple effect
produced by Basic gives more pleasure than all the
ornaments and twists of the polished writer. To these it
will seem that Basic, in addition to putting an end to
the Babel which has kept us back for so long, is giving
us a taste of the clear and reasoned use of simple
language which may be the mark of the great writers of
the future. From the Basic form of Petronjus's "Widow
of Ephesus" on p. 84, the arguments for and against the
use of Basic by the story-writer may be measured in
some small degree.
When the Basic list has been got into the memory --
and there are a number of persons who would be able,
if their existence was dependent on it, to do this in two
days--the learner will be well on the way to reading
Basic. With the right system of training and the necessary phonograph records,
a normal learner might get this knowledge in a week. For talking and writing,
naturally a longer time is needed. But anyone working
hard and doing a Step a day would get through Basic
Step by Step in thirty days or The Basic Teacher
in forty-five days ; and even a slow-motion learner would
not take more than a quarter of the four years which
are now looked on as necessary.
In other words, if, in all countries, less than 1 % of
the school-time of boys and girls under 14 was given to
Basic, it would be possible for us to have a common
language. In a number of the countries where education
has gone farthest, every man has been forced for
over a hundred years to give three of his best years to
training for war. Is it not possible that those who have
less education will give a small part of this time to
building up peace before another hundred years have
The purpose of the present book is to give the learner
a number of examples of the right use of Basic for a
number of different purposes. For talking, these examples
are limited to everyday needs. In the examples of
writing a wider field is covered. We see how the 850
words may be used for story-writing, for making an
international agreement, and for all sorts of news.
News is given under the heading 'Radio News'. The
examples would do equally well for newspaper purposes,
but in our view the connection between Radio
and Basic is a specially important one. We are not in
debt to any special newspaper for the news here
printed; in a sense, however, we are in debt to all of
them, and for this reason it is hoped that the examples
are representative enough to be taken by the reader as
a true test.
In this fourth printing of the book the two stories
from The Adventures of Baron Munchausen are an
addition to Part II, and the Atlantic Charter, done in
parallel. The Atlantic Charter is of special interest
because it was first printed in parallel form (full
English on one side of the page, and Basic on the
other) in a White Paper, at the request of Mr. Churchill,
after his Committee of Ministers had come to the
decision that it would be right to give the system
government support. Readers desiring to make a test of
their knowledge of Basic may put the Charter into
Basic for themselves and then make a comparison
between their attempt and the parallel here printed,
which was given the approval of the experts.
C. K. OGDEN.
I . THE NEWCOMER
The Newcomer stories are by linkage to System of Basic English.
2. THE HOTEL
Hotel Porter: Have you taken a room, sir?
Mr. Anyman: No. Put my things down here while I
go to the office. (To woman at office) Have you a
room for one?
Woman at Office: We're very full up this week. I have
no small rooms at all at present. How long are you
going to be here?
Mr. Anyman: For two weeks probably.
Woman at Office: I'll let you have a room with two
beds at a special price till Monday, and after that we
will be able to give you a small room. Will that be
Mr. Anyman: I'm very much against moving if there's
any possible way out of it. I was hoping to get
everything out of my boxes after the journey. Have
you no other suggestion to make?
Woman at Office: No, that's the best I am able to do.
Every other hotel in London is full up in the same
way. In fact, quite a number of persons have been
sent on to us.
Mr. Anyman: That's the worst of London at this time
of year. Well, I'll have to take what there is. Is this
room quiet ? That's the great thing.
Woman at Office: Yes, very ; it's at the back. And so's
the other one. In fact, they're two of the quietest
rooms in the hotel.
Mr. Anyman: And has it got a bathroom?
Woman at Office: The room you're going into today
has. The smaller one hasn't, but it's only one door
off the public bathroom. And all the rooms in the
hotel have telephones.
Mr. Anyman: Good. And the price?
Woman at Office: The room with the bathroom is
fifteen shillings. The other will be ten shillings.
Mr. Anyman: That's without any meals?
Woman at Office: Yes. Meals are separate.
Mr. Anyman: All right, I'll take the room.
Woman at Office: Will you put your name in the
Mr. Anyman: Certainly.
Woman at Office: The room is on the second floor,
near the lift. Here's your key. Let me have it back
when you go out.
Mr. Anyman: I will. A friend may be coming in to see
me between six and seven. If he does, will you let
him go straight up to my room?
Woman at Office: Certainly. The porter will take you
up if you are ready to go now.
Hotel Porter: Your boxes will come up separately.
This is the room, sir.
Mr. Anyman: Is it possible to get the window open ?
It's very warm in here with the heating.
Hotel Porter: Is it open enough now ? This window's
very stiff, and that's the best I'm able to do.
Mr. Anyman: That will be all right.
Hotel Porter: I'll send the girl to you.
Servant: Have you everything, sir?
Mr. Anyman: Yes, but there doesn't seem to be a bell
of any sort in the room.
Servant: All orders are sent Over the telephone, sir.
You get through to the porter's office.
Mr. Anyman: I see. I have some dirty things. How do
I send them to the wash?
Servant. if you make out a list, I'll put them in a
parcel for you, sir, and send them off tomorrow.
They will be back on Saturday.
Mr. Anyman: Good. And then another thing. When
are the shoes taken for cleaning?
Servant: If you put them outside your door at night
the boot boy will do them when he comes round
early in the morning.
Mr. Anyman: Oh, one minute. There's no soap in the
Servant: I'll go and get you a bit flow. We've had very
little time to get things straight in this room.
Mr. Anyman: Well, I'll be going out in a short time.
Where's the writing room?
Servant: On the first floor. But there are writing-tables
in all the public rooms.
Mr. Anyman: May I have a cup of tea at eight tomorrow
Servant: Yes, sir. I'll be back with your soap in a
minute or two.
Hotel Porter: Here are your boxes, sir. The boy got
the numbers mixed, or you'd have had them before.
Mr. Anyman: Good; and while you are here, will you
see what has gone wrong with the electric light over
my bed ? It's probably the bulb, because the other
light is all right.
Hotel Porter: That's what's wrong, sir. I'll have to put
Mr. Anyman: Now I'm going to take a rest. If any one
comes, the office is to say that I will not be in till six.
Hotel Porter: Yes, sir.
II . STORIES
In the old, old days there was a great Ruler who took
so much pleasure in new clothing that all his money
went on dress. He was interested in his army, and the
theatre, and driving in the woods, only because these
things gave him a chance of going about in his new
clothing. He had a dress for every hour of the day.
In the same way in which one says of other rulers,
"He is with his wise men," in this country one said, "The Ruler is in his dressing-room."
The Ruler's New Clothing
There were amusements of all sorts in the great town
where the ruler was living; numbers came from other
parts of the country every day to see it ; and among
them one day two bad men. They said they were
makers of cloth and that they were able to make better
materials than had ever been seen before. Not only
were the colours and designs unequalled, but the clothing which was made of the materials had a special quality which made it unable to be seen by the very
foolish or by anyone who had been unwisely put in authority.
"That clothing is the very thing for me," said the
Ruler to himself "If I had it on, it would be possible
to see which men in my country are not good enough
for the positions they are in. I will be in no doubt as
to which are the wise men and which are the foolish
ones. Yes ; it is most important for me to give an order
to have some of that material made for me.
He gave the two had men much gold so that the
work might he started straight away.
They did put up two machines, and kept up a fiction
of working, but they had nothing at all in the place
where the thread is put. At the start they made a
request for a great amount of the most delicate silk and
the best gold thread, all of which they put into their
bags while they went on working at the untouched machines far into the night.
It came into the Ruler's head that it would be wise to is
have some idea how the cloth-makers were getting on
with the cloth. But the thought that anyone who was
foolish or wrongly placed in authority would not he
able to see it gave him a strange feeling. He was certain
that there was no need to have fears for himself but
even so he came to the decision that he would send
some other person first to see how it was getting on.
The strange power of the material was common knowledge in the town,
and everyone was very ready to see how foolish all the others were.
"I will send the head of my government," said the
Ruler to himself "He is an old and true servant. He
will be best able to see what the material is like,
because he is a man with brains and no one is better at his work than he !"
So the good old man went into the room where the
two false cloth-makers were working at the machine without thread.
"Whatever is wrong ?" said the old man to himself
his eyes opening very wide. "Why, I don't see a thing !"
But he took care not to say so.
The two bad men went on talking : Would he be
good enough to come a little nearer ? Didn't it seem to
him a good design and first-rate colouring ? They
were pointing at the machine, which had no thread on
it. The poor old man's eyes were fixed on it hard, but
he was unable to see anything, because there was nothing to see.
"Oh, dear, what am I to do ?" he went on to himself
"Is it possible that I am a foolish man? I have never
been of that opinion and it will have to be kept dark.
Am I no good at my work? It will not do at all to say
that I am unable to see the materials."
"You don't say anything about the material, sir,
said the one who seemed to be making cloth.
"Oh, it is surprising! Quite without parallel !" said
the old man, looking through his glasses. "This design
and these colours ! It will certainly come to the ears
of the Ruler that I am very much pleased with the material."
"We are most happy that you say so," said the bad
men, and then they gave the names of all the colours
and went into all the details of the strange design.
The old man gave great attention to what they said so
that he would be able to say it all over again when he got back to the Ruler.
Then the bad men went on to make requests for more
money, more silk, and more gold, so that they might go
on making the cloth; but they put it all in their pockets
—- not one thread was ever put into the machine, though
they went on as before making cloth at a machine which had no thread in it.
A little later the Ruler sent another high government
servant to see how the material was getting on and if it
would be ready before long. He had the same experiences as the first man.
He took one look, and then another, but there was only a machine without any
thread on it so he saw nothing at all.
"Isn't this bit of cloth of the highest quality ?" said
the bad men together stretching it out before him and
giving an account of the unparalleled design and col-
ours which were not there to be seen.
"I am certain that I am not a foolish person," was
the man's thought, "so the only possible reason for
this is that I am not good enough for my position ! It
is very strange, though ! Rut the only thing to do is to
keep it dark !" So he said that the material he did
not see had his highest approval and gave every sign
of his pleasure in the bright colours and the new
design. "There is nothing like it !" he said to the
Ruler. Everyone in the town was talking about this
material, which was outside all comparison.
Now the Ruler came to the decision that it would be
a good thing to see it before it was taken off the
machine. So in the company of a number of his
friends, among them the two good men who had seen
this cloth of no substance before. he went to see the
false, low-down cloth-makers, who were working their
hardest at the machine which had no thread in it.
"It is beautiful !" said the two upright men. "Only
see, O most High ! What a design ! What colours !"
And they made a motion of the hand in the direction
of the unthreaded machine.
"What!' said the Ruler to himself "I see nothing at
a1l. This is serious ! Am I a foolish person ? Have I
no right to be Ruler ? Why, this is the worst experience I have ever had !"
"Why, there is no cloth like it !" said the Ruler, "It has my highest
approval !" And he gave every sign of being pleased, keeping his eyes fixed on the
unthreaded machine. Nothing would make him say that he was unable to see anything.
Everyone was looking with great attention, but saw
nothing more than all the others. But they all said,
with the Ruler, "There is no cloth like it !" And they
put forward the suggestion that he might be dressed in
this unparalleled cloth at a great event which was
about to take place, when he and his servants would go
publicly through the streets. 'It takes one's breath
away ! What taste ! What quality !" went from mouth
to mouth ; they were all equally pleased with it The
Ruler gave the two bad men high positions and
ornaments for their buttonholes, and the name of no
The men were working all night before the day on
which the event was to take place, burning sixteen wax
lights so that everyone would see how great was their
desire to get the Ruler's new clothing ready. They went no
through the motions of taking the cloth off the
machine. It was cut out in the air with great scissors
and they were stitching and stitching with needles
without any thread in them. At last they said, "Now
the Ruler's new clothing is ready !"
The Ruler, with the highest in the land, went to them
himself, and the two had men put an arm out in the air
as if they were stretching something out before him,
and said: "See, these are the trousers, this is the coat,
here is the over-dress !" and so on. "It has as little
weight as an insect's net. It might seem as if one
had nothing on, but that is a sign of its quality !"
"Yes !" said all the men-in-waiting, but they were
unable to see anything, because there was nothing to
"Will you, 0 most High, be so good as to take off
your clothing ?" said the false cloth-makers, "so that we
may put on the new dress here before the great looking-glass."
The Ruler took off his things, and the two men
seemed to give him one after the other the new bits of
clothing they had gone through the fiction of making.
They seemed to put something round his middle, and
do something into a knot : this was the long train
stretching out at the back, and the Ruler had a look at
himself from all angles in front of the glass.
"What a picture the Ruler is in his new clothing !
How beautiful it makes him !" was the cry all round.
"What a design and what colours ! This dress is everything which is to be desired !"
"The jeweled cover which is to be supported over
you is waiting outside," said the manager of public events.
"I am ready," said the Ruler. "Isn't the clothing well
cut ?" And then he gave himself another turn in front
of the glass so that he might seem to be looking at his
The special servants who were to take the train of the
dress went down low and made a motion as if they
were lifting it from the floor, and then went forward
with their hands in the air. It would not do to let it
get about that they did not see anything.
Then the Ruler went on his way under the jeweled
cover and everybody in the streets and at the windows
said, "How bright the Ruler's new clothing is ! What a
train ! And how well cut the dress is !" Nobody would
let it seem that he was unable to see anything,
because this would make it clear that he was a
foolish man or not good enough for his position.
The Ruler's clothing had never before made such a great effect.
"But he has got nothing on," said a little boy.
"What a thing for the baby to say," said his father and in a low voice one person said to another what the boy had said. "He has nothing on ; a little boy says he
has nothing on !"
"But he has nothing on !" came at last in a cry from everyone.
The Ruler was twisting his body about as if in pain, because it was
clear to him that it was true, but he said to himself "It all has to go on now ; "
so he went forward stiffer than ever, and the men-in-waiting went on supporting the train which was not there.
2 . The Women of Ephesus
There was a woman of Ephesus, so noted as an
example of true married love, that other women came
from miles round to see her. So naturally, at the death
of her loved one, it was not enough for her to do only
as others would have done: go after the dead, with hair
hanging loose, giving herself blows in public view. She
went with the dead man into the death place itself, a
stone room under the earth such as the Greeks made,
and seating herself at his side, gave herself up to crying, day and night.
Her father and mother and other relations did
everything possible to keep her from the pain she was
causing herself and from the death which would in a
short time overtake her through need of food, but she
would not be turned from her purpose. In the end the
government authorities went away, unable to do anything, and slowly she got through her fifth day without food, with everyone feeling for her deeply and respecting her as an example to all her sex -— a woman without parallel.
A servant girl, true to the last, was seated by the unhappy woman's side, crying when she did, and keeping the light in the death place burning. Only this one story went round the town, and all were in agreement that it was an unequalled example of true married feeling and love.
While this was going on, the Roman ruler of those
parts gave orders for some wrong-doers to be nailed
up with arms outstretched, at the back of the little
house where the woman was crying over the body
which had such a short time before been a man. One
of the military was ordered to see that no one took the
bodies down to put them under the earth. The night
after, this man saw the light clearly among the trees,
and the cries of the unhappy woman came to his ears.
He was as interested as other men in what went on
round him, and he had a great desire to see who it was
and what was going on. So he went down into the
death place, and when he saw it was a woman and
good-looking, he was in doubt as troubled as if he
had seen some unnatural sign, or a shade from the
land of the dead. But when he took in the details of
the outstretched body the woman's eyes wet with
crying and her face marked by her finger-nails, the
reason was clear -— she had been overcome by her
burning desire for the dead man.
He took his poor little meal into the place of death,
and said everything in his power to make the crying
woman see how foolish it was to give herself up to
hitter feelings and let her heart be broken by crying.
All men, he said, came to the same end and the same
last resting-place. But she was made angry by such
common comfort. Her blows only got more violent,
and pulling out her hair she put it on the body stretched before her.
But even all this did not make the man go away ; he
went on with his attempts to give the young woman
food, using the same arguments, till the servant girl,
giving way to the smell of the wine, put out her hand
for the kindly offered food. Then, stronger after the
food and wine, she did her best to overcome her friend's
desire for death. "What good will come," she said, "if
you do go without food till you are dead, if you do
give yourself up to a living death, and put an end to
yourself before the hour designed for you to be
parted from your body ? Is it possible for your pain to
give any pleasure to the body or mind of a man who
is dead and gone to his rest? Why not make a new
start ? Why not put from your mind this false idea of
being true in love, which only women have, and take
pleasure in the light of day as long as the Great Ones
let you ? This body itself is a sign that we are wise to
make the most of our existence."
Suggestions to take food or go on living generally
have some effect. The woman, greatly in need of food
and drink after five days, let her desire for death be
brushed on one side and took the food as readily as the
servant girl who had given way before her.
Well, it is common knowledge that a person becomes
open to other desires when the need for food is no
longer strong. Now all the man's earlier arts, which
had kept her from death, were used to make her his.
This good and true woman saw that he was a pleasing
young man, and not foolish. The servant girl was of
the same opinion and put her in mind of the words :
"Will you not give way even to a love which is
pleasing to you ? Will your eyes be shut for ever to
whose country you are in ?"
Why make the story longer ? Having overcome one
part of her person, the man went on in the same way
and overcame the rest.
The father and mother of one of the men who had
been put to death saw that little care was being given to
keep the place under observation, and took the body
down to put it under the earth. The morning after,
when the man saw that one of the bodies was gone, he
was in no doubt as to what his punishment would be.
He went to the woman with his story. It would be
better to put an end to himself with his blade, he said,
than let his punishment be fixed by the military authorities, So she would have to make room for her lover, who would in so short a time be joining her earlier love in that sad place.
But the woman's heart was as kind as it was true.
"Let it not be, she said, "that I see before me at the
same time the dead bodies of the two men who are most
dear to me. It is better to let a dead body be nailed
up than put to death a living man.
And acting on these words, she went on to say that
he was to take the body from its resting-place and put
it up in the place where the other had been. He took
this wise suggestion for his profit, and the day after
there was a question for all: how had the dead man got
himself nailed up on the place of punishment?
3 . Stories of Baron Munchausen
The Baron's horse in trouble.
I went off on a journey to Russia, in the middle of
winter, because I rightly said to myself that the
roads, which in the opinion of those who had been on
them were uncommonly bad through the north parts of
Germany, Poland, Courland and Liyonia, would naturally be smoother when they were covered with ice and
snow. I went on horseback, because it is the simplest
way of getting about—though only if man and horse
are in good condition. I had only thin clothing on,
and the further I went to the north-east the more
conscious I became that I was not warmly enough
dressed. How much worse in the cold weather of that
hard winter was the experience of a poor old man
whom I saw resting on the road in an open stretch of
country in Poland, feeble, shaking with cold, and with
his body almost uncovered ! I was moved with a desire
to do something for the poor man. Though I was
feeling the cold myself I put my coat over him, and
when I had done this kind act there came to my ears
straight away a voice from the sky, saying:
"You will be rewarded, my son, for this in time."
I went on it became dark and night overtook me.
There was no sign of a house, no sound of a living
being. The country was covered with snow, and I had
never been on the road before.
Tired, I got off my horse and put the guiding-bands
round what seemed to be the pointed end of the stem of
a broken tree, coming up through the snow. Placing
my firearms under my arm, where they would be safe,
I took my rest on the snow, and had such a good sleep
that I was conscious of nothing more till it was full
daylight. It is hard to give any idea of how great my
surprise was when I saw that I was in the middle of
houses, and had been sleeping by a church. My horse
was nowhere to he seen, but shortly after, he made a
sound over my head. Looking up, I saw him hanging
by his leather head-band from the highest point of the
church. The position was now very clear to me; the
houses had been covered with snow in the night ; a
sudden change of weather had taken place; while sleeping, I had softly come down to earth as the snow got less and less; and what in the dark I had taken to be the broken stem of a little tree coming up through the snow, was the topmost point of a church.
Without wasting any time, I took one of my guns
and sent a ball through the head-band, cutting it in two, so that the horse came down. Then I went on with my journey.
The Baron takes part in a war
When Gibraltar was cut off by the Spaniards, I went
on one of the food ships under Lord Rodney, to see my
old friend General Elliot, who did so well against the
attacking Spaniards there that his name will go down
in history. After we had got over the natural pleasure
produced by the meeting of old friends, I went to see
the condition of the military force in the place, and to
see the operations of the Spaniards, for which purpose
the General went with me. I had taken with me from
London a first-rate long-distance glass, got from Dollond, by the help of which I saw that a thirty-six
pounder was about to be fired straight at us. I gave this
news to the General, and looking through my glass he
saw that I was right.
Straight away, with his authority, I gave orders for a
forty-eight pounder to be got from a nearby gun
position, placing it with such care (and truly I may say
that I am without an equal in this branch of military
science) that I was certain there would be no error.
I went on watching the Spaniards till I saw the match so placed at the touch-hole of their gun ; at that very
second I gave the sign for our gun to be fired.
About half-way between the two guns, the balls came
against one another with very great force, and the effect
was truly surprising. The Spaniards ; ball was sent
back so violently that, in addition to crushing the head
of the man at the gun, it took off the heads of sixteen
others, sending them through the air in the direction of
Africa. Before it got to Barbary, it took away parts of
three vessels, which were in the harbour, one in front
of the other, and then it went 200 miles inland, where
it came down, falling through the roof of a farmer's
house. After causing the loss of her only tooth to a
poor old woman there who was on her back, it at last
came to rest in her throat. By chance the farmer came
back at this minute, and after all his attempts to take
out the ball had been without effect, the bright idea
came to him of driving it with a hammer into her
stomach, so that it might slowly be taken into her
system, in the normal process of digestion. Our ball
did very good work, for it not only sent back the other
in the way I have said, hut, as was my design, it took
the gun off its support, driving it against the side of a
ship, where it came down with so much force as to
make a hole through the base. The ship quickly
became full of water and went down, taking with it
1000 Spanish sailors and a great number of army men.
This was certainly a most surprising bit of work. I
will not, however, take all the credit myself; my powers
of invention were responsible for the idea in the first
place, but I was helped a little by chance, for I later
made the discovery that the man firing our forty-eight
pounder, had, in error, put in twice the normal amount
of powder. But for that we would never have done so
much better than seemed possible -— specially in sending
back the Spaniards' ball.
III . Political
The Political articles are by linkage to other texts.
IV . RADIO NEWS
. . . (more) . . .
V . History -- the future of Basic English
The History articles are by linkage to System of Basic English.
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