International Nouns (50):
alcohol, aluminum, automobile, bank, bar, beef, beer, calendar, check, chemist, chocolate, chorus, cigarette, club, coffee, colony, dance, engineer, gas, hotel, influenza, lava, madam, nickel, opera, orchestra, paraffin, park, passport, patent, phonograph, piano, police, post, program, propaganda, radio, restaurant, sir, sport, taxi, tea, telegram, telephone, terrace, theater, tobacco, university, whisky, zinc.
Names of Sciences (12):
Algebra, Arithmetic, Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Geology, Geometry, Mathematics, Physics, Physiology, Psychology, Zoology.
International Names used in Titles, Organizations, Diplomacy, etc. (12)
College, Dominion, Embassy, Empire, Imperial, King, Museum, President, Prince, Princess, Queen, Royal.
There are 50 nouns of less general utility for use in appropriate contexts. These have been submitted for review by international committees to see if they are truly international words:
General Utility (50)
ammonia, asbestos, autobus, ballet, cafe, catarrh, champagne, chauffeur, circus, citron, cocktail, cognac, dynamite, encyclopedia, glycerin, hyena, hygiene, hysteria, inferno, jazz, liqueur, macaroni, malaria, mania, nicotine, olive, omelet, opium, paradise, penguin, platinum, potash, pajamas, pyramid, quinine, radium, referendum, rheumatism, rum, salad, sardine, tapioca, toast, torpedo, vanilla, violin, visa, vodka, volt, zebra.
The achievements of science are usefully summarized with respect to:
Science notation and measurement:
Time and Numbers (50)
January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December.
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday.
One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, twenty, twenty-one, thirty, forty, fifty, hundred, thousand, million,
once, twice, half, quarter, third, fourth, fifth.
New Century : International nouns
A . The General Science List (100) The general science list is of words frequently used in science or are
common to two or more sciences.
active, adjacent, adsorption, age, alternative, application, arc, area, arrangement, ash, axis, break, bubble, capacity, case, cell, column, component, compound, continuous, cross, decrease, deficiency, deposit, determining, difference, difficulty, direct, disappearance, discharge, disturbance, elimination, environment, equation, evaporation, exact, experiment, explanation, focus, friction, fusion, generation, groove, guard, hinge, impurity, individual, interpretation, investigation, joint, latitude, layer, length, link, longitude, mean, melt, mixture, nucleus, origin, path, per, pressure, projection, proof, reference, relative, reproduction, resistance, rigidity, rock, rot, rotation, screen, seal, section, sensitivity, shadow, shear, shell, similarity, solution, spark, specialization, specimen, stimulus, strain, strength, stress, substitution, successive, supply, surface, swelling, thickness, thrust, tide, transmission, transparent, tube, valve.
The Basic Dictionary of Science p. xii adds these : per, used in giving rates ; non-, where un- would seem strange ; and -th, for naming order.
International Words in Science
Common Usage : [partial list] - anesthetic, bomb, electricity, magnetic, microscope, neutron, organism, petroleum, serum, thermometer, tropism, turbine, vitamin.
Technical List : [partial] - allotropy, endothelium, hemocyanin, isomorphism, phylogeny, tropism.
Physics - Chemistry : (50)
absorption, beaker, buoyancy, charge, circuit, clip, coil, collision, combination, conductor, conservation, corrosion, density, dilution, dissipation, explosion, flask, fume, funnel, furnace, grating, image, insulator, lag, lens, medium, oxidation, particle, pendulum, plug, porcelain, radiation, reagent, receiver, reflux, repulsion, residue, reversible, saturated, solvent, stable, stream, suspension, switch, tongs, trap, valency, vapor, vortex, wedge.
Geology : (50)
accessory, birefringence, cast, cave, clay, cleavage, contour, desert, dike, dip, drift, erosion, eruption, extinction, fan, fault, flint, flood, flow, foliation, fracture glacier, gravel, ground, hill, igneous, inclusion, intercept, interpenetration, intrusion, lake, limestone, mud, ore, outcrop, outlier, overlap, plain, scarp, schist, sedimentary, shale, shore, sill, slate, strike, texture, twin, unconformity, valley.
Mathematics and Mechanics : (50)
acceleration, amplitude, approximation, arbitrary, circumference, congruent, constant, cusp, damping, denominator, diameter, divisor, fraction, infinity, integer, intersection, inverse, lever, load, locus, magnitude, momentum, multiple, multiplication, node, numerator, oblique, piston, prime, probability, product, projectile, pulley, quantity, quotient, ratio, reciprocal, rectangle, recurring, reinforcement, resolution, subtraction, sum, term, total, triangle, unknown, variable, velocity, volume.
Biology : (50)
abdomen, appendage, bark, beak, bud, cartilage, cavity, claw, climber, creeper, degenerate domesticating, duct, ferment, fertilizing ,fiber, fin, fresh, germinating, gill, gland, hoof, host, inheritance, jaw, juice, kidney, liver, lung, mature metabolism, parent, petal, pollen, sac, scale, secretion, sepal, skull, slide, soil, stain, stalk, stamen, sucker, thorax, tissue, vascular, vestigial, wild.
B . Commerce has two defined specialties plus words from "Basic for Business" to make 100.
Business : (50)
acceptance, address, agency, allowance, assets, assistant, average, bale, bankrupt, barrel, bill, broker, certificate, charge, claim, client, code, complaint, consignment, cost, court, customs, debit, deck, defect, delivery, export, gross, guarantee, hire, hold, import, investment, liability, license, load, loan, packing, pair, partner, purchase, reference, retail, sale, sample, show, sight, strike, supply, wholesale.
Economics : (50)
accident, arbitration, asset, average, bill, broker, budget, circulation, combine, consumer, conversion, correlation, cost, deflation, demand, deposit, discount, efficiency, effort, employer, experiment, factor, fatigue, guarantee, habit, index, inflation, investment, liability, loan, margin, monopoly, partner, pension, plan, population, purchase, rent, retail, sale, saving, security, service, share, speculation, statistics, stimulus, strike, supply, wholesale.
Sixteen words overlap Business and Economics :
asset, average, bill, broker, cost, guarantee, investment, liability, loan, partner, purchase, retail, sale, strike, supply, wholesale. These words might belong in an, as yet, undefined General Business 100 word list. This will free 32 places for new words. Florence make suggestions for three in social economics : capital, firm, wages.
Trade : From Basic for Business by S. L. Salzedo, will add 17 words and 3 more senses.
cash, premium, service, slump, dock, net (basic), warrant
canal, capital (second,soc), carton, consul, guarantee (bus,econ), minus, per cent, plus, propaganda, stand, wagon
balance (basic), forward (basic), case (sci, sec), royalty, duties (second)
Words in money systems of different countries to be used in their English form.
C . Verse : (100)
angel, arrow, beast, blind, bow, breast, bride, brow, bud, calm, child, cross, crown, curse, dawn, delight, dew, dove, dream, eagle, eternal, evening, evil, fair, faith, fate, feast, flock, flow, fountain, fox, gentle, glad, glory, God/god1, grace, grape, grief, guest, hawk, heaven, hell, hill, holy, honey, honor, image, ivory, joy, lamb, lark, life, lion, lord, meadow, melody, mercy, noble, passion, perfume, pity, pool, praise, prayer, pride, priest, purple, rapture, raven, robe, rock, rose, rush, search, shining, shower, sorrow, soul, spear, spirit, storm, stream, strength, sword, thief, tower, travel, valley, veil, vine, violet, virgin, virtue, vision, wandering, wealth, weariness, weeping, wisdom, wolf, wonder.