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Prepositions / Directions | Directives

Basic English is an auxiliary language created by Charles Kay Ogden. The number of words is limited. The language is intended for quick learning and immediate practical use in commerce and as a step into full English.

The subject of prepositions in Basic English is often asked. Here is a brief summary of what Ogden and others have said on the subject. Ogden calls his list of 21 prepositions, "directions" or "directives". These when combined with the 16 verbs make "operators". Operators can say hundreds of action words of standard English.

1. Basic English : International Second Language   by Ogden.

2 . Learning Basic English   by Richards..

3. Basic English : A General Introduction with Rules and Grammar   by Ogden
Chapter 3 Grammatical Principles
    The combination of the ten operators and the three operator-auxiliaries with the twenty directives immediately gives us equivalents of roughly 200 simple English verbs.
Directives     The root meanings of these words is made clear by the drawing.

4 . The Basic Teacher   by Lockhart.
5 . Basic English and Its Uses   by Richards.
    Below the verbs in Column One come twenty words (about to with) whose peculiarity is that they handle positions and directions.

6 . Techniques in Language Control   by Richards and Gibson.
    The twenty prepositions groups immediately below them on the list Ogden prefers to call directives because they handle positional and directional relationships. This can be demonstrated if they are first used spatially. They are separated alphabetically from the other preposition-adverbs on the list for this reason. A large number of the uses of these often trouble-making little words can become intelligible when they are introduced as pointers to positions or directions of things that can be seen or acts that an be performed. (The milk is in the bottle ; I am putting a book on the table ; He is going to the door, etc.)

7 . The ABC of Basic English   by Ogden
8 . The Basic Words

9. Universal Language Dictionary Project
(at/to the other side of)    
after (in the future of)because of   before
before (in front of)in back of in
between, among like near
for (for the purpose of)    of on
for (in exchange for) other than over
from (out of) through to, at
than [pr/cj] under with
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About this Page: Preposition-- Basic English is a simplified version of the English language created by Charles Kay Ogden. A key to simplification is to limit the number of words to necessary and regular forms. The language is intended for quick learning and practical use in commerce and as a step into full English.
Last updated October 19, 2005
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