The Basic Words : Basic English
by C. K. OGDEN
Inventor of Basic English
Director of the Orthological Institute
KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER & Co., Ltd. 1932
Psyche Miniatures, General Series No.44
This is a raw OCR scan of work to be done.
F , G , H , I
The letter E.
ear, noun. ia*; orielle; Ohr.
He put his ear to the key-hole; news comes to one’s ears.
** An ear for music; playing by ear.
early, a., adv. ’a;li; de bonne heare, premier; friih.
(e) Before the time; prématuré; (zu)
It is e. in the day; the e. years. E. for the meal. Get up e.
ear—ring, n. Basic words. Ornament for ear.
earth, n. ’a9:; terre, sol; Erde.
(e) The ball on which we are living; terre.
Put a seed in the e. The e. goes round the sun.
** Nothing on e.
earthwork, n. Basic words. Earth walls put up in war.
east, a., adv., s., izst; est; ostlich: Osten.
The e. side; an e. wind. Going e.; Germany is e. of France. The
sun comes up in the e.; religions of the E.
edge (—er, -ing, -ed), n. ed5; bard, tranchant; Hand, Schneide.
The e. of the sea (dress); the knife has a sharp e.; the collar is
edged with blue.
education, n. edju(z)’keij'an; édacation, instruction; Erziehung,
Give a boy a good e.; the e. of the young; the experience will be
a good e. for you.
effect (-er, —ing, —ed), n. i’fekt; effet, résaltat; Wirkang.
A strange e. of light; his statement had no e.; get a snow e. by
dropping paper; effecting a change.
‘*(Have an e. on).
"In e.; be of no e.; put into e.; take e.
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 271
egg, n. eg; neat; Ei.
This e. comes from the farm.
egg-cup, n. Basic words. Sort of cup used at table for an egg.
elastic (in-), a., n. i’laestik; elastiqae; elastiseh, dehnbar: Gammiband.
(e) Readily stretched, changed.
An e. material. Very e. views. A bit of e.
electric (·ally), a. i’lektrik; électrique; elektrisch.
E. light (current); get an e. shock; the house is electrically heated.
embassy, embosi. International name.
empire, ’empaio’*. International name.
encyclopaedia*, en’saiklo’pi;dio. International word.
end (-er, -ing, -ed), n. end; fin, bout; Ende.
-ing, (e) The end part of a story (word); fin, terminaison;
Come (get) to the e.; the e. of the street (story, work); a loose
e. of thread; the day is ending. The ending ‘—ing.’ .
* In the e. (Put an e. [a stop] to).
engine, n. ’end5in; machine, motear; Maschine, Motor.
(s) Railway engine; locomotive; Lokomotive.
The automobile has a good e. The e. of the train is not strong enough.
engineer, ’end5i’nio'*. International word. [
enough, adv., a., n. i’nAf; assez; genug.
It is good e.; go far e. from danger. There is not e. time for the
work. Have e.; you have said e.; get e. of.
** Strangely e.
equal (un-, -1y), a., n. ’i;gwal; égal; gleich.
E. amounts; take an e. pleasure in; the sides are unequal; this
is e. to that; they are equally bad. A fight between ee.
error, n. ’era*; errear; Irrtum.
Make an e.; say in e.
even, adv. ’izvon; meme; sogar, selbst.
It is cold e. in the sun; e. though he was old, they made him go;
he has no fear e. of death; the box was not e. open; he is e. happy;
e. more interesting is the story of; e. if you have done it, I will still
be your friend.
** E. so.
272 BASIC ENGLISH
event, n. i'vent; événement; Ereignis.
An e. has taken place; these strange ee.
"At all ee.; in the e. of. V
ever, adv. ’eve’°`; iarnais, touiours; immer, je(mals).
If you e. see him, give him my love. Have you e. been?; it was e.
the same; no man will go on living for e.
* It is as true as (truer than) e.
** (For e. saying the same thing).
evergreen, n., a. Basic words. Plant or tree which is green all the year.
every, a. ’evri; chaqiie, tout; iede (—r, —s).
E. word was true; he comes e. day; e. time he comes, I go;
e. one of them became ill.
** There is e. reason why. (E. other day).
everybody, n. Basic words. Every person.
everyday, a. Basic words. Common.
everyone, pron. Basic words, Every person. ‘
everything, n. Basie words. Every thing.
everywhere, adv. Basic words. In (at, to) every place.
example, n. ig’za;mpl; exemple; Beispiel.
(e) Thing (or person) rightly to be copied.
An e. of her work; an e. of false reasoning. He is an e. to us all.
exchange (—er, -ing, —ed), n. iks’tfeind3; échange; Tausch.
(e) Money exchange between countries; money market; change:
Bourse; Wechsel: Borse.
The e. of goods for money; exchanging hats (words). The e. is
against us. The E. is doing no business.
* (In e. for).
existence, n. ig’zistans; existence; Vorhandensein, Dasein.
(e) Condition, way, of living; vie; Leben.
Be in e.; the e. of a gas; come into e. An unhappy e.
* (Have e.),
expansion, n. iks’pwnjan; dilatation, expansion, extension; Ausdehnung,
The e. of gases; the e. of a business; the e. of a theory; an e.
of the sense of the word.
experience (-er, —ing, —ed), n. iks’piarians; experience; Erfahrung.
(e) Event experienced; aventure, épreuve.
He has no e.; get some e.; experiencing a new feeling; an experienced person.
My ee. in Russia.
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 273
expert (in-, -ly), ’eksp:-art; expert, ypécialiste; F achmann.
He is a great e. in that Held; he put his questions expertly; her
hair had been inexpertly waved. E. knowledge; e. work.
* (E. at doing; e. on a question).
eye (-er, -ing, -ed), n. ’ai; oeil; Auge.
Keep one’s ee. shut; eyeing the food; blue-eyed.
* Keep an e. on; have an e. for form.
** Make ee. at.
eyeball, noun. Basic words. The ball-like part of the eye.
The letter F.
face (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. fas; figure, oisage; Gesicht.
(e) Front; face, fagade, cadran; Vorderseite, Zifferblatt.
-ing, (e) Looking straight at, meeting without fear; abfrontant,
braoartt; ins Angesicht schauend.
Covering his face; a smiling face. The face of the clock (building); facing the church. Facing the facts.
* Have the face to; make a face (at). (Face to face.).
** To one’s face; on the face of it. (Full face).
fact, n. fmkt; fait; Tatsache.
The ff. about; it is a f. that.
* (In f.
fall, n. foxl; chute, baisse; Fall, Starz.
(e) Time of dropping leaves; automne; Herbst.
Have a f.; a f. of 10 feet; a f. in prices; a f. from power. Come
to England in the f.
false (-ly), a. fa:ls; faux; falsch.
(e) Not true in feeling (acts); perfde.
A f. story; a f. idea of the place; f. teeth; he was falsely said to
be away. Be f. to a person; a f. friend.
family, n. ’faemili; famille; Familie.
(e) Offspring, son(s) and/or daughter(s): group like a f., specially
naming a division of plants, animals.
One of that f.; he is of good f.; a f. hotel. She has a f. of three,
two boys and one girl. A f. of languages; these plants are of the
274 BASIC ENGLISH
far (farther or further, farthest or furthest), adv., a. fCll#; loin: lointain;
fern, welt: fern.
Do not go f.; be sent f. away; I went no farther that day. This
town is f. from London; the farthest star.
farm (—er, —ing, -ed), n. farm; femme; (Bauern-)Gut, (Bauern—)Hof,
Working on a f.; a good farmer; farming in Wales.
fat, a., n. fmt; gms; dick, fett.
(e) Thick; gros; dick.
A f. pig. A f. stick. Put some f. on the plate.
father, n. ’fu;oa*; pére; Vater.
The f. of six boys; become a f.; my f. gave it to me.
father-in—law, n. Basic words. Father of man (woman) one is married to.
fatherland, n. Basie words. Country of one’s birth.
fear (-er, -ing, —ed), n. fia*; peur, crainte; Furcht.
F. is a cause of hate; be in f. of punishment; have if. for him;
fearing the future; he is feared by all.
* (F or of).
feather (-er, -ing, -ed), n. ’feoa*; plume; Feder.
A bird without ff.; a feathered hat.
feeble (-ly), a. ’H;bl; faible; sehwach.
(e) Without effect; inefficace. ·
A f. support; a f. mind; he was feebly crying out for help. Make
a f. answer.
feeling (feeler), n., a. ’fi;lih; sensibilité, sensation; Gefiihl.
(s) Hate, love, and so on; sentiment, émotion.
-er, (s) Feeling part of insect; antenne; Fiihler.
A f. of pain. Angry f. Be f. unhappy. The insect has two feelers.
female, a., n. figmeil; féminin, femelle; weiblich.
a f. voice; a f. animal. The cat is a f.
fertile (in-), a. 'fmtail; féeond; fruchtbar.
A f. field; a f. woman; infertile land.
*Be f. in (ideas and so on).
fiction, n. fikfan; fiction; Fiktion, Eryindung.
(s) Stories as branch of letters; [les] mmans; Roman.
Fact or f.; the f. that all men are equal. Hardy was a writer of f.
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 275
field, n. fixld; champ; Feld.
(e) Range; étendue, champ d’action.
Cows in a f. F. of thought (work).
fight, n. fait; combat, latte; Kampf, Schldgerei.
(s) Fight in a war; bataille; Gefecht.
Make a f. for equal rights; the two men had a f. A f. between two armies.
* (He put up a f.).
finger (-er, -ing, -ed), n. IfiI]g9*; doigt; Finger.
A cut f.; fingering the goods; a tw0—fingered hand.
fingerprint, n. Basic words. Mark made by a finger.
fire (-er, -ing, -ed), n. ’faio"; feu; Feuer.
(e) Mass of wood, coal, and so on (placed ready for) burning;
event of destruction by f.: the going off of guns: free, moving,
quality of feeling; feu: incendie: feu: ardeur.
Destruction by f. The f. is not lighted. On the night of the f.;
firing the house. A burst of f. from the wood; firing his gun. His
writing is without f.
* (On f.; under f.; firing at a bird).
** Take f.
fire-arm, n. Basic words. Gun.
fire-engine, n. Basic words. Engine used to put out a fire.
fire-fiy, n. Basic words. Sort of insect giving out light in the dark.
fireman, n. Basic words. Man who puts out fires. (
fireplace, n. Basic words. Place for fire in room.
fireside, n. Basic words. Space round fireplace.
firework, n. Basic words. Plaything made of gunpowder.
first, a., n., adv. fazst; premier: d’abord; erste (—r, -s): zuerst.
(e) Best; erste.
The f. house in the street. Be f. in the school. The f. to come.
Get there f.
*(At f.; for the f. (second, last, and so on) time; at f. (second)
first-rate, a. Basic words. Very good, of the best. `
fish (fish or fishes, -er, -ing, -ed), n. fi]; poisson; Fisch.
(s) Fishes as food.
Get a f.; birds and fish(es); fishing in the sea. Cooking f.
fishermen, n. Basic words. Man who gets fish from sea and so on.
276* BASIC ENGLISH
fixed (un-, -ly), a. fikst; fixe, fixé; fest, befestigt.
(e) About which a decision has been made; établi; festgesetzt.
The rod is f.; f. to the wheel; eyes f. on the floor; a f. smile;
looking at him fixedly. The day has been f.
* (Get f. up).
flag, n. ilaeg; drapeau; Fahne.
Put up a f.
flame, n. lleirn; flamme; Flamme.
The f. of the match was blue; a house in ff.
flat, a., adv., s. flaet; plat: appartement; platt: Wohnung.
(s) F. and parallel with earth; horizontal; wagerecht.
A f. wall. F. country; keep the tray f. Put it f. down. Be living in a f.
flight, n. flait; vol; Flug.
(e) Quick going (away); fuite; F lucht.
A f. over London. His f. from the country.
* (The army is in
** (Put to f.).
floor (-er, -ing, -ed), n. Hog"; plancher; Fussboden.
(e) Level of a building; étage; Stock(werk).
Put the bags down on the f.; the room is Hoored with stone. His
bedroom is on the second f.
flower (-er, —ing, ·ed), n. ’flaua*; fleur; Blume, Bldte.
Get some ff.; the ff. have come out; the tree is flowering; a
flowering plant; a flowered material.
** (In f.).
fly (flies), n. flai; mouche; Fliege.
A f. on the wall; the flies are biting the horse.
fold (-er, —ing, -ed), n. fould; pli; Falte.
-er, (e) Printed material for distribution: folded cardboard cover
for papers; prospectus (dépliant): chemise, portefeuille: (F alt-)
Put a f. in the material; folding the paper; a folding seat. Send
them a folder. Put the papers in a folder.
food, n. fuzd; aliment; Speise, Nahrung.
(e) Something acting like food; nourriture; Nahrung.
Take f.; have some f. A good nerve f.; f. for throught.
foolish (-ly), a. ’fuxlij'; béte, irréfléchi; toricht, niirrisch.
Say a f. thing; a f. person; be laughing foolishly.
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 277
foot (feet), n. ’fut; pied; Fuss.
(e) Base; bas.
Put one’s f. forward; be on one’s feet. The f. of the mountain.
* On f.
** Under f.
football, n. Basic words. Form of sport in which a ball is kicked; ball
used in football.
footlights, n. Basic words. Lights edging theater stage.
footnwn , n. Basic words. Man servant for carriage, door, table.
footnote, n. Basic words. Note at the end (or foot) of page.
footprint, n. Basic words. Mark made by a foot.
footstep, n. Basic words. Sound made by a foot.
for, prep. fof; pour; fiir, auf, nach.
A place f. dancing; desire f. food; time f. thought; go f. the
letters; put up f. offers; payment f. goods; acting f. another; A is
f. apple; check f. £ 10; ready f. bed; need f. acting; noted f. wines;
good enough f. him; timed f. to-morrow; be f. a person; waiting f.
someone; sailing f. America; hoping f. peace; looking f. a letter;
send f. him.
*1. He has no regret for his acts.
2. For example, he was cruel to his sister.
3. He was responsible for her death.
4. He went away for this reason.
5. He kept away for fear of the law.
6. He will go to prison for the first (second and so on) time.
7. He will be there for a long time.
8. There is no cause for protest.
9. Every judge would say the same, word for word.
10. Men are like animals, but for their brains.
(We took him f. an expert; he had a name f. keeping on the right
side of the law; in exchange f.; as f. that; have an eye f.; the worse f. drink).
** F. all that; f. ever saying the same thing; f. it was untrue. (F.
my part; f. the most part; go in f.; f. short; come up f. discussion;
an ear f. music; make things warm f. a person; put in f.; in time f.).
278 BASIC ENGLISH
force (—er, -ing, -ed), n. fois; force; Kraft, Stiirke. »
(s) Violent force; violence; Gewalt.
(e) Army (freq. ff.) or band of man: a power working for;
arméa: puissanca; Truppan: Macht.
The f. of a blow; the f. of his arguments. F. will be necessary.
Landing more ff.; the police f. A f. for good.
** Laws in f.
fork (-er, —ing, -ed), n. fozk; fourcha, fourchatta; Cabal.
(e) Point of branching, division into two arms; bifurcation; Gabalung.
Take food with a f.; a garden f.; forking the beds. A f. in the
road; forking to the left; a forked stick.
form (-er, -ing, -ed), n. fmm; forma; Form, GastaZt(ung).
(e) Sort: fixed way of doing; fagon: formalité; Art: F ormalitiit.
The f. of the table is round; forming a ring. A new f. of art. Going
through the necessary ff.
forward, adv., a. ’fo;wad; an avant: avanaé; worwiirts, waitar: vordara,
Go f.; put f. a suggestion; from this time f. The f. part of the ship;
a f. boy; f. behavior.
* (They sent their boxes carriaga f.).
** (Looking f. to the event).
fowl, n. faul; paula; Huhn.
The farmer keeps if.
frame (—er, -ing, —ed), n. freim; cadre; Rahman.
(e) Supporting structure; charpanta, armatura; Gariist.
-ing, (e) Giving form to; formant; f0rm(uliar)and.
A f. for a picture; framing the painting. The f. of a building
(body). Framing an answer.
**F. of mind.
framework, n. Basic word. Supporting structure.
free (-r, -ing, -d, un—), a. frig; libra; frai.
(e) Free from payment; franco; umsonst.
Make him f.; get f.; f. thought; you are f. to go; the prisoners
have been freed. The drinks are f.; f. trade.
** Be f. with.
free—hand, a. Basic words. (Of picture, outline) done without the help of instruments.
frequent (in-, —1y), a. ’fr:1kwant; fréquant;
A f. event; his infrequent attempts; be frequently ill.
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 279
friend, n. frend; ami; Freund.
(e) Person who is kind to.
He is ]ohn’s f.: I have no ff. A f. of the poor.
** Make ff with.
from, prep. from; de, oon, aus.
Go f. a place; come back a year f. now; IO miles f. London; letter
f. a friend; away f. the point; free f. danger; get profit f. a business;
a mark f. a blow; f. 10 to 20; it is clear f. the facts.
* The future will be different the past; his ideas took form f. day
to day (year to year) .
front (-er, —ing, -ed), n., a. fmnt; front, fagade; Vorderseite, Front.
(s) Front lines of an army at war; front; Front.
(e) Walk, road, gardens, on edge of town facing the sea; cligue,
The f. of a house; fronting the road; fronted with brick. News
from the f. A walk on the f. The f. person; a f. view.
* In f. of.
fruit, n. fruit; fruit; Frucht, Obst.
(e) Outcome; résultat; Frucht.
Take f. off the tree; have some f. The f. of our work.
full (-ly), a. ful; plein, au complet; voll.
(e) Complete; complet; vollig, vollstiindig.
A f. vessel; get it f. The f. story; make f. use of; the f. moon; be fully conscious.
* (F. of).
** F. face; in f.; f. up.
future, a., s. fju:tfa>“; futur; kunftig: Zukunft.
My f. work. No hope for the f.; be interested in the young man’s f.
** In f.
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A , B ,
C , D ,
E , F ,
G , H ,
I , J , K ,
L , M ,
N , O ,
P , Q ,
R , S ,
T , U ,
V , W ,
X , Y , Z
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