The Basic Words : Basic English
by C. K. OGDEN
Writer of "Basic English" and
Director of the Orthological Institute
KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER & Co., Ltd. 1932
Psyche Miniatures, General Series No. 44
A , B ,
C , D ,
E , F ,
G , H ,
I , J , K ,
L , M ,
N , O ,
P , Q ,
R , S ,
T , U ,
V , W ,
X , Y , Z .
The Letter B
- baby (babies), noun. 'beibi ; bdbé ; Baby.
- He was ill when he was a baby ; the woman had two babies with her ;
the baby cat ; my baby brother.
** (baby in arms).
- baby-carriage, noun. Basic words. Push-carriage for a baby.
- back, (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. adv., adj. bæk, derrière, arrièdre ; Rückseite: zurück: hinter.
- Back of man's body or like part of other things ; dos; Rücken.
- Top of animal's body.
back of the house ; the back of the book ; at the back of the station ;
a picture backed with linen ; backing an automobile. A pain in the back. The monkey was on the dog's back. Come back. ; get money back ; a year back. The back door.
* (Give back a sound).
- backbone , noun. Basic words. Bone down the back of man or animal.
- back-cloth, noun. Basic words. Painted cloth at back of stage.
- background, adv., Basic words. At (to) some distance ; out of view.
- backside , noun. Basic words. Back end of person's body.
- backwater, noun. Basic words. Quiet water near a river.
- backwoods, noun. Basic words. Out-of-the-way place.
- bad, (worse, worst, -ly), adj., bad ; mauvais ; schlecht ; schlimm.
- Bad in behavior ; méchant ; höse.
- No longer good for food ; gâté; verdorben.
- a bad day ; bad weather ; have a bad time ; a bad idea ; a bad bit of wood ; a bad book ; a bad friend ; be badly wounded. A bad boy. The milk will be bad tomorrow.
* The worse for drink.( Bad at languages ; he did badly).
- bag, noun. Beutel, Tasche, Sack.
A bag full of wool; a paper bag; a porter took my bags.
- bagpipes, s. Basic words. Music pipe with bag for wind.
- balance (—er, -ing, -ed), noun. équilibre; Gleichgewicht.
Keep one’s balance; a balance of forces; balancing on a wire; have a well-balanced mind.
*(Be off one’s balance).
- ball, noun. boule; Kagel.
(s) Playing-ball; balle; Ball.
A silver ball.; make butter into balls.. The little girl has a ball.
- ballet *, International word.
- band (-er, —ing, -ed), noun. bande; Band.
(e) Group: music—playing group; orchestre; Schar, Rotte: [Musik-] Kapelle.
Put a rubber band round; fixed by a band. of iron; a band of red; banded with red.
A band of young men; banding together against the police. Playing in the band.
- bang, noun.Onomatopoeic. Noise made by burst.
- bank, International word.
** (A check on the bank.).
- bar, International word.
- base (-er, -ing, —ed), noun. base, fondement; Grand (lage).
(e) Base of military operations; base; Basis.
The base of a building; basing opinions on facts.
The wounded are sent back to the hospital at the base.
- baseball, noun.Basic words. An American sport in which a ball is used;
ball used in baseball.
- basin, noun. bol, caoette; Schussel.
(e) Wide hollow; bassin; Becken.
Food in a basin. A river basin.
- basket, noun. panier; Korb.
Eggs in a basket.; a basket of flowers.
- basket-work, noun.Basic words. Material made like a basket.
- bath (-er, —ing, -ed), noun.baignoire, bain; Bad.
(e) Wash in a bath; acte de (se) baigner, bain.
Put water in a bath. Have a bath.; give the baby a bath; bathing the baby.
- bathroom, noun.Basic words. Special room with (generally fixed) bath.
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be (am, are, is, was, were, being, been), v., aux. v. big; étre; sein.
(e) Have existence, take place.
beautiful (un-, -ly), adj. beau; schon.
been (e) Gone (or come) to and away from a place.
-ing, (e) Living thing; étre; Wesen.
She is a cook; he is good; it is wise to do nothing; they are talking;
I will be there. I am; such things have been and will be. again;
there is no answer to that question. Have you ever been to
Paris? A strange being.
( * That is to say; let (a person, thing) be).
A beautiful woman; a beautiful day; a beautiful picture; the theory is beautifully
because, conj. bi’koz; parce que; weil.
He was angry because she was late.
become, v. Basic words. Come to be.
bed (-der, -ding, -ded), noun.bed; lit; Bett.
* (Best because of its rules).
(e) Stretch of material, specially under, forming base of, something:
bedroom, noun.Basic words. Special room with bed(s) for sleeping in.
flower-bed; lit, couche: plate-bancle; [Fluss-]Bett, Unterbau,
-ding, (e) Bedding-covers: literie; Bettzeug.
Put the covers on the bed; go to bed; be in bed. The bed of the river is deep; the discovery of a new coal bed. Put flowers in the beds.; bedding
out plants. Soft bedding.
bee, noun.biz; abeille; Biene.
There is a bee on the flower.
beef, bixf. International word.
beer, noun.bia*. International word.
beeswax, noun.Basic words. The wax made by bees.
before, prep., conj., adv. bi’fo;*`*; avant, deoant; vor: bevor, ehe: oorher.
Come before tea; the word before “have” is not clear; go before a judge; the work before us; work comes before play; death before prison! Have a meal before you go. He did it once before.
behavior, noun.bi’heivja*; conduite, comportement; Benehmen, Verhalten.
** (Before long).
His behavior is good; rough in behavior; the behavior of a chemical; the behavior of nations.
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belief, noun. bi’li;f; croyance; Glaube.
(s) Belief in religion; foi; Glaube.
(e) What one has belief in: feeling that a thing is probable; crayance: opinion; Uberzeugang.
Belief is an event in the mind. To be a Christian it is necessary to
have belief. They had a number of strange beliefs. It is my belief that we will
* In the belief that; have belief in a story.
bell, noun. bel; cloche, sonnette; Glocke, Klingel.
The church bell is sounding; that is the front-door bell.
bell-boy, noun. Basic words. Boy servant in a hotel.
bent (un-) noun. bent; plié, courbé; gebogen, gebeugt.
Using a bent stick; a bent old man; his arm was bent.
berry (berries), noun. ’beri; baie; Beere.
The fruit of this plant is a berries.; birds take the berries.
better (best). See good and well.
between, prep. bi'twi;n; entre; zwischen.
A river between. two mountains; time between events; there is no connection
betweenthese events; make a comparison (selection) between foods; make a
division of the sweets between the two boys.
biology, bai'olad3i. International name of science.
bird, noun. bard; oiseau; Vogel.
A bird in the air; going after birds with a gun.
bird’s-eye view, noun. Basic words. View from the air.
birth, noun. baz0; naissance; Geburt.
(e) Position in society by birth; start; naissance: origine source.
Bentham’s birth took place in 1748. All are given an equal chance,
whatever their birth. The birth of a new idea.
* (Mothers give birth to babies).
birthday, noun. Basic words. The day of the year on which a person’s birth took place.
birth-mark, noun. Basic words. Mark on the skin from birth.
birth-place, noun. Basic words. Place of person’s birth.
birth·rate, noun. Basic words. Number of births for every 1,000 persons in a given time.
birthright, noun. Basic words. Right given by fact of birth.
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bit, noun. bits; morceau, piece; Stuck(chen), Bischen.
(e) Unit of metal money.
Have a bit of bread; bits of news; put the bits together. A two-shilling bit.
* The dress is in bits.; the plate has come to bits. (Bit by bit).
** He was a bit sad; I did my bit in the organization.
bite, noun. bait; coup de dent, pique; Biss.
(e) What is taken at one bite: wound from a bite; bouchée: morsure; Btssen: Biss.
bitter, adj. ’bit@“; amer; bitter.
The dog gave him a bite; have a bite at an apple. I took a b of it.
A bad bite in the leg.
(e) Bitter in feeling; acharné; verbittert.
black, adj., blaek; noir; schwarz.
A black night; a black man from Africa; make one’s hand black as coal.
Dressed in black.
A bitter taste; a bitter drink. A bitter thought; her troubles have made her bitter.
blackberry, noun. Basic words. Dark berry of the fields and roadsides in England used as food.
blackbird, noun. Basic words. Bird of Europe noted for song.
blackboard, noun. Basic words. Black board for writing on used in school.
blacklead,noun. Basic words. Black polishing substance (for iron fireplaces and so on) .
blackout, noun. Basic words. Keeping of town(s) dark in war-time.
blade, noun. bleid; lame; Klinge.
(s) Blade of war; épée.
(e) Flat, narrow, blade-like leaf or part of any thing.
blood, noun. blixd; sang; Blut.
The blade is not sharp; a knife with two blades. Waving his blade in the
air. A blade of grass.
There was blood on the coat. There is Irish blood in him; they are of the
same blood; a blood relation.
bloodvessel, noun. Basic words. Blood pipe in the body.
blow, noun. blou; coup; Schlag.
(e) Motion of air-current: shock; coup de vent, souffle: coup; Blasen, Schnauben: Schlag.
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Give a person a blow. A strong blow of wind; giving one’s nose a blow.
The news was a great blow to him.
blowpipe, noun. Basic words.
Pipe for increasing heat of flame by blowing air into it.
2. Pipe for blowing sharp-pointed, frequently poisoned, sticks through,
used in war and so on by certain Indians of America and the West Indies.
blue, adj., noun. blu:; bleu; blau.
The sea is blue on a bright day. A dark shade of blue.
bluebell, noun. Basic words. Blue, spring, woodland flower.
board (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. b@:d; planche; Brett, Diele.
(s) Advertisement board; enseigne, écriteau; Tafel, Brett.
boat, noun. bout; bateau; Boot, Schij'.
The floor-boards are cracked; boarding up a window. Put up a board; I saw it on the board outside.
Take a boat on the river; go by boat.
body (bodies), noun.’bodi; corps; Korper.
(s) Dead body; cadaore; Leiche.
boiling (boiler), a., noun. 'boiliig; bouillant; siedend, kochend.
(e) Body without legs, head, or arms: material thing: group
(organization) of things or persons; torse: corps: corps; Rumpf: Korper: Gruppe, Korperschaft.
Have a healthy body. They were on watch by the body. He had a short
body and long legs. The attraction of bodies to the earth. The decision
of the ruling body; a body of law.
-er (s) Steam-making apparatus; chaudiére; [Dampf-]KesseZ.
bone (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. boun; os; Beirr, Knochen, Griite.
Put an egg in boilng. water; the water is boiling; he is boiling the coffee. Cooking
the fish by boiling it. A ship’s boiler.
(e) Bone material; Bern.
book (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. buk; Ziore, cahier; Buch, Heft.
No bones are broken; boning fish. A spoon made of bone; a bone button.
(e) Taking tickets for; acte de retenir (une place); Belegen.
book-keeper, noun. Basic words. Person who keeps accounts.
Writing a book.; see it in a book; a book of pictures; noting it in a book.;
have no more copies of a book. Booking seats for a play.
bookrest, noun. Basic words. Support for books when reading.
boot, noun. bu:t; botte, chaussure; Stiefel.
bottle (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. ’botl; bouteille, flacon; F Zasche.
Put wine in a bottle; bottled beer.
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box (boxes, -er, -ing, -ed), noun. boks; boite, malle, caisse; Kiste, Schachtel, Koffer.
(e) Theater-box; loge; Loge.
Keep gloves in a box; send the boxes to the station; this part is
boxed off. Seated in a stage-box
boy, noun. boi; gargon; junge, Knabe.
The boy is making a noise.
brain (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. brein; cemeau; (Ge-)Hirn.
(e) Good quality of brain (freq. brains); intelligence; Verstand.
brake, noun. breik; frein; Bremse.
The brakes are loose; put the brakes on.
Something wrong with his brain.; cooking sheep’s brains; he was brained by a blow. The man has brains; he has no brain.
branch (branches, —er, -ing, -ed) , noun. brmntj; branche; Zweig.
(e) Branch-like part; branch of business (organization): division; embmnchement: succursale: section; Abzweigung: Filiale: Zweig.
bread, noun. bred; pain; Brot.
Cutting bread; bread and butter.
A broken branch.; a tree with low branches. A branch of the railway; branching to the left. The bank has a branch in Hull. A branchbrass, noun. br>ms; laiton; Messing.
A bit of brass.; a brass pot; a brass. plate on the door.
breath (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. bre9; haleine, respiration; Atem(zug).
(e) Soft blow of wind; soujfle; Hauch.
breath-taking, adjective. Basic words. So surprising, beautiful, and so on as to take one’s breath away.
The dog’s breath was warm; take a deep breath; not breathing well.
Moved by every breathof wind; a day without a breath of air.
* Be out of breath.
brick (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. brik; brique; Backstein, Ziegel.
Putting bricks on the wall; a red-brick. house; bricking up a hole.
brickwork, noun.Basic words. Bricks joined together forming material of wall and so on.
bridge (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. brid5; pont; Brucke.
Make a bridge across the railway; bridging the river.
bright, adj. brait; brillant; hell, gliinzend.
(e) With a quick brain: happy; intelligent: joyeux; hell, aufgeweckt: heiter.
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A bright fire. A bright girl; have a bright idea. A bright. and smiling face.
broken (un-), adjective. ’brouk en; brisé, rompu, fracture; [zer—, unter-, ge] brochen.
(e) Crushed (by loss); >i?ubattu; gebrochen.
brother, noun. ’brAoa“; frére; Bruder.
She has a brother in the army; the two boys are brothers.
The plate is broken.; a very broken sleep; the house was broken into by the police; a bit broken off; the box was broken open; an unbroken line of trees.
He is a broken man.
* (The bread is broken up).
brother-in-law, noun. Basic words. Brother of man (woman) one is married to.
brown, adjective, noun. braun; brun; braun.
Dark brown hair. There is not much brown in the picture.
brush (brushes, -er, —ing, -ed), noun. bmj; brosse, pinceau; Biirste, Pinsel.
(e) Brushing; coup de brosse; (Ab-)Biirsten.
brushwood, noun.Basic words. 1. Small, low trees. 2. Thin sticks from brushwood.
Using a brush to get the floor clean; a paint brush; the painter is cleaning his brushes. Give the dog a brush; brushing one’s hair.
bucket, noun. ’bAkit; seau, baquet; Eimer.
Milking into a bucket; a coal bucket.
building (builder), n., adj. bildin; bdtiment; Gebiiude.
(e) Act of building; construction; Bauen.
bulb, noun. bixlb; bulbe; Knolle, Zweibel.
The highest building in London; there was no other person in the building;
that is work for a builder. building is his trade. They are building ships (walls); build up a business.
(e) Thing having the form of a bulb; poire, ampoule; [elek trische] Birne, Gummiball.
burn (-er, —ing, -ed) , noun. bam; brulure; Brundschuden.
These flowers come from bulbs. A rubber bulb; this electric bulb gives a good light.
burner, (s) Gas burner; bec, bruleur; Brenner.
burst, noun, adj. ba:st; éclatement, rupture, explosion: creoé; Bersten,
Bruch, Platzen: gephztzt.
Put oil on a burn; the acid is burning me; the fire is burning
brightly; burning with shame; burning a hole; a smell of burning;
a burning pain. You will get a better light if you have a new burner.
(e) Outburst; éclat(ement), explosion; Ausbruch.
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There has been a burst in the pipe. A loud burst of sound; a burst of angry feeling. A burst pipe.
business (businesses), noun. ’biznis; occupation; Geschéift, Beruf.
(s) Trading business: afyfaires, commerce: Geschéift.
(e) Business house: what has to do with one; maison de commerce: aylaire; Geschdft: Angelegenheii.
His business is farming. My father is in business; a good business man; do business with.
An insurance business.; an old family business; the two businesses have no connection.
It is not your business.
** You have no business to say it; he came on business.; they are going out of business..
but, conj., prep. brit; mais: sauf; aber, sondern: ausser.
He is old but she is young; I went to the house, but he was not there;
I had no desire to go, but he made me; not only rain but snow.
All but the foolish have ideas.
* (Men are like animals, but for their brains).
butter (-er, —ing, -ed), noun.,bAt9#; beurre; Butter.
Put the butter on thickly; buttering bread.
buttercup, noun. Basic words. Yellow, cup-like field-flower.
buttermilk, noun.Basic words. Liquid from butter-making.
button (-er, -ing, —ed) , noun.’bAtn; bouton; Knopf.
(e) small round structure.
buttonhole, noun.Basic words. Hole for putting button through.
The button has come off my coat; buttoning his shoes. Touching the
buton of the bell.
* (My overcoat is buttoned up).
button-hook, noun.Basic words. Hook for buttoning shoes, gloves.
buzz, noun. Onomatopoeic. Sound like that of a fly.
by, prep., adv. bai; pres de; neben, bei: oorbei.
(e) Cause or instrument; par, au moyen de; bei, von, durch, mit.
A house by the river; he went by me on the road. Picture by
Rubens; go by train; troubled by ants; covered by insurance; punishment by death. Time goes by quickly.
bygone, adjective. Basic words. Long past, no longer in existence.
*1. Robinson Crusoe was on an island by himself.
2. He had to make everything by hand.
3. I was working there by night (day).
4. I had come across some coal on the island by chance.
5. By the way, have you ever been down a coal mine?
6. No smoking, by order.
7. A young miner got the Basic words by heart in less than a week.
8. He got the word order into his head by slow degrees.
9. Little by little (bit by bit, day by day), he got expert at the special uses.
10. He is coming here at 4, by this clock
(Take by surprise; a story by word of mouth; side by side).
** Come by tomorrow. (Playing by ear; by request).
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On to next : the letter C
< back |
A , B ,
C , D ,
E , F ,
G , H ,
I , J , K ,
L , M ,
N , O ,
P , Q ,
R , S ,
T , U ,
V , W ,
X , Y , Z .
URL : http://ogden.basic-english.org/texts/tbwb.thml