The Basic Words : Basic English
by C. K. OGDEN
Inventor of Basic English
Director of the Orthological Institute
A , B ,
C , D ,
E , F ,
G , H ,
I , J , K ,
L , M ,
N , O ,
P , Q ,
R , S ,
T , U ,
V , W ,
X , Y , Z
This is a raw OCR scan of work to be done.
The Letter G
garden (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. ’go;dn; jardin; Garten.
A beautiful flower-garden.; in the back garden is an apple—tree and produce
for the table; he is a gardener; my father is gardening.
gas, gas. International word.
gasworks, noun. Basic words. Place where gas is made.
280 BASIC ENGLISH
general (-ly), adj. ’d3ensral; général; allgemein.
(e) Wide in distribution, common; commun; gewohnlich.
A g. rule; a g. idea of things; talking generally. The g. opinion is;
blue eyes are very g.; he is generally right.
geography, d3i’ografi. International name of science.
geology, d3i’olad3i. International name of science.
geometry, d3i’omitri. International name of science.
get (gets, got, getting), v. get; obtenir, recevoir; bekomment, gelangen, lassen, machen.
(e) Become; devenir; werden.
G. money; g. work; g. a disease; g. control (help); talk gets
about; g. facts into one’s head; g. a tooth out; g. a secret out of a
person; g. over a disease; g. through money; he will g. the tree up
with a spade; he got up a tree; getting up in the morning is hard
for some; g. food ready; did he g. his book printed? G. married
*1. It was his hope to get a book out every year.
2. He said he would get a play up for advertisement.
3. But he did not get on (well) with the chief actor.
4. He got (himself) into bad ways through drink.
5. He got (himself) out of doing any more work.
(G. on one’s nerves; g. the better of).
** Get at the facts and so on; g. to work (on the work named).
(G. clear of; g. off one’s hands; g. a line on; g. up steam).
girl, noun. ga:l; jeane yflle; Méidchen.
A good little g.; have two gg.; a g. to do the housework.
give (gives, gave, giving, given, giver), v. giv; donner; geben.
G. milk to the cat; g. time (attention) to work; g. the bell a push
(pull, shake); g. an answer; the horse gave a kick; g. a talk; g. support;
g. trouble; g. news about; g. away money; g. away a secret;
g. off steam; g. out light; food was given round; the income for a given year.
*1. Mothers give birth to babies.
2. She gave her word to the family that she would take care of the little boy.
3. The wall gave back the sound of a strange voice.
4. They did not give up hope till the news was certain.
5. Newspapers are given to printing false statements. (Don’t let
them g. way to bad impulses).
** (G. place to).
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 281
glass (glasses), noun. glozs; oerre; Glas.
(e) Drinking vessel.
gg. (s) = eye-glasses; lunettes; Brille.
Windows are made of g.; a g. eye. A g. of water. Put your
glasshouse, noun. Basic words. Heated glass structure for plants.
glove (—er, -ing, —ed), noun. glnv; gant; Handschuh.
(s) F ighting-glove.
Get one’s gg. off; his father was a glover; a gloved hand. A fight
with the gg.
glycerine’°‘, glisa’ri;n. International word.
go (goes, went, going, gone), verb. gou; aller, partir; gehen.
G. away from a person; g. after a rat; time goes by; they went for
a swim; he did not g. into details; g. over accounts; g. through a
room; g. through a story; roads g. to London; g. to work; the clock
is going; the song goes like this; the books g. here; g. far; g. iishing;
g. free; g. without food; everything has gone wrong.
*1. The color of the walls did not go with my dress.
2. An old man in the front had gone to sleep.
3. Something (the gun) went off with a loud noise.
4. The light (fire) went out in the middle of my talk.
5. I am going to make a protest to the gas company.
* (Gone to seed; g. without food).
** Let oneself g.; g. on a system; have a g. at; as far as it goes.
(G. in for; g. out of business; g. smash).
goat, noun. gout; cheore; Ziege.
Milking a goat.
gold, noun, adj. gould; or; Gold.
(s) Gold money; monnaie d’ or.
(e) The color of gold.
Mining for gold; the exchange of goods for gold; a gold cup. A pocket
full of gold. The gold of the sun. Gold paper.
goldfish, s. Basic words. Small fish the color of gold.
good (better, best), adj., s. gud; bon; gut.
goods. (e) = Things for marketing, property; marchandises, biens;
A g. day; the milk is g.; have a g. time; a g. idea; a g. bit of wood;
282 BASIC ENGLISH
a g. book; g. for the eyes; a g. man; g. weather. There is
much g. in him; it is for your g.; do g. Transport of gg.
* G. morning (day, night); do one’s best; get the better of. (G. at languages).
** It’s no g. talking; you had better go; do one g.; 5 pounds to the g.
good-for-nothing, noun. Basic words. Person of little value.
goodlooking, adj. Basic words. Beautiful, pleasing the eye.
government, noun. gavonmant; administration; Hegierung.
(e) Those in political authority: act of government; goaoernement: gouvernement.
A new form of g. One of the g.; the British G. made peace after
a long war. Responsible for the g. of the country.
grain, noun. grein; grain; Korn.
(e) Food grain; céréale; Getreide.
A g. of sand. G. for the birds.
grass, noun. groxs; herbe, gazon; Gras.
Long g.; seated on the g.
** Put out to g.
gray, adj., noun. grei; gri; grau.
A gray sky. The gray of her eyes.
great (-ly), adj. greit; grand; gross.
A thing of great size; a great dog; a great amount; be greatly troubled.
A great man; living among the great.
green, adj., noun. grim; vert; gran.
A green coat; grass is green. Green is a good color.
grip (-per, -ping, —ped), noun. grip; prise, serrement; Griyf.
(e) Clear idea; conception claire; Auffassung.
gripping, (e) Keeping the attention; passionnant; packend.
He gave my hand a g.; the cord was slipping from his g.; gripping
his arm; in the g. of a disease. He has a good g. of the political
position. A gripping story.
** (Come to grips.)
group (—er, -ing, —ed), noun. gruxp; groupe; Gruppe.
A g. of friends; the men were waiting in little gg.; the houses are
grouped in fours.
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 283
growth, noun. grou6; croissance, développement; Wachsen.
(e) Thing produced by g.: diseased growth; oégétation, poussée:
excroissance, tumeur; Wachstum: Gewdch.
The g. of plants (ideas); the g. of the town has been very quick.
A thick g. of low trees. A g. on his face.
guide (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. gaid; guide; Fiihrer.
(s) Person acting as a guide.
The light is a g.; guiding the men. A g. on the mountain.
gun, noun. gan; fusil, canon; Gewehr Geschiitz.
He has a gun on his back; the ship’s guns; firing a gun.
gunboat, noun. Basic words. Small, well-armed boat.
gun-carriage, noun. Basic words. Wheeled support of great gun.
gunman, noun. Basic words. Man using a gun in crime.
gunmetal, noun. Basic words. Metal at one time used for guns.
gunpowder, noun. Basic words. Firing material for guns.
The Letter H
hair, noun. hea*; cheveux, poil; Haar.
(e) Hairs covering head or body.
Take out a hair. Be brushing one’s hair; the dog has long hair.
hairspring, noun. Basic words. Very thin spring in watch.
half-past, prep. Basic words. Half an hour past (some hour).
half—way, adv. Basic words. At or to half the distance (between).
hammer (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. ’haema*; marteau; Hammer.
Using a h.; hammering a nail; hammered metal.
hand (—er, —ing, -ed), noun. hmnd; main; Hand.
(e) Handwriting; pointer; écriture: aiguille; Handschrift: Zeiger.
Take a book in one’s h.; put one’s h. on; hh. upl; handing round
the plates; a note was handed to him; left-handed. Writing a good
h. The h. of the clock.
* On the one (the other) h.; at first (second) hand; take in h.;
make by h.
*"Have one’s hh. full; get off one’s hh.; ready to h.; be in someone’s hh.;
on h. (H. in h,).
handbag, noun. Basic words. A woman’s bag for money and so on.
handbook, noun. Basic words. A guide book.
handcart, noun. Basic words. Small cart pushed by hand.
handwriting, noun. Basic words. Writing done by hand.
284 BASIC ENGLISH
hanging (hanger), a., noun. ’haeqin; suspendu; hiingend.
(s) Putting to death by hanging; action de pendre.
-er (s) Dress-hanger: portemanteau; Kleiderbugel.
Be h. on a cord; h. up a curtain; a h. thread. Be h. a man. Give
help in h. a picture. Put the dress on a hanger.
**Be h. about.
happy (un-, -ly), adj. 'haepi; heureux; giiickiich.
(e) Well placed (timed, said); convenable.
Make a person h.; a h. ending; she is very unhappy; they are
happily married. A h. saying.
harbor (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. ’ho;ba"*; havre, port; Hafen.
Come into h.; harboring a friend (unkind feelings).
hard, a., adv. huzd; dur; hart.
(e) Using much force; opposite of simple: not kind; fort: di§‘iciZe:
dur; schwer: schwierig: hart.
A h. wood. H. work; he gave the boy a h. blow. A h. question. A
h. man. It is raining h.
* Be h. on a person.
** H. at work.
harmony (harmonies) , noun. ’ho;meni; harmonie, accord; Harmonie.
(e) Harmony in music; harmonie.
H. ia the family; living in h. The harmonies of music.
hat (-ter, -ting, —ted), noun. hmt; chapeau; Hut.
Put on a h.; he is a hatter.
** (A touch ofthe h.).
hate (—er, -ing, —ed), noun. heit; haine; Hass.
(e) Strong feeling against.
H. is a badfeeling; he is hated by all. Have a h. for work.-
have (has, had, having), v., aux. v. hmv; avoir; haben.
H. property; h. arms; h. a friend; h. a desire; h. a thought; h.
control (of something); h. a drink; h. arguments ready; h. one’s leg
broken. He has done it; it has been done; I had done nothing.
*1. I had ia talk with him this morning;
2. His arguments had no efect on me.
3. Our thoughts have no existence outside our heads.
4. They have to go into such questions because of their interest
5. I will have nothing to do with foolish discussions.
(I h. a good mind to make; h. the face to; h; a name for).
**(H. a go at; h. one’s day; you had better go; h. One’s hands
full; h. the heart to;. h. reason to; h. in mind.)
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 285
he (him, his; she, her, hers; it, its; they, them, their, theirs), pron.
hiz; il; er.
H. is kind; I saw him yesterday; this is his house; it is h. She is
his mother; give her this; her hat is black; the book is hers. It is a
bird; its wing is broken; it is raining; it seems to me to be late;
it may be so. They are wrong; take them away; their father has
come; this may be theirs.
head (~er, -ing, -ed), n., adj. hed; téte; Kopf.
(e) Head-like part, top, front: chief; partie superieure: chef;
Kopfende, Spitze: Haupt.
-ing, (e) Writing at the top; rubrique; Uberschrift.
Turning my h. The h. of the bed (line); a silver·headed stick;
headed by the guide. He is the h. of the business. The h. cook. The
heading on a page.
* (They were almost off their hh.),
** Keep one’s h.
head—dress, noun. Basic words. Something for covering the head.
headland, noun. Basic words. High land going out into sea.
headline, noun. Basic words. Heading of a newspaper story.
headstcne, noun. Basic words. Stone on resting-place of dead.
headway, noun. Basic words. Forward development (motion).
healthy (un-, -ly), adj. ’hel9i; Sain; gesund. '
(e) Making or keeping healthy; salubre; heilsam.
A h. person; make the wound h.; they were healthily tired after
their sport. A h. place; an unhealthy winter.
hearing (hearer), noun, adj. 'hiarir]; action d’entendre; Héiren.
(e) Sense, power, range of hearing: hearing for purpose of judg-
ing: law hearing; audience, audition: audience; Gehiirouie: Gehiir,
Audienz, Stimmprufung: Verhiir. ’
Our ears are for h. with; his hearers were moved. His h. is bad;
come into h.; be out of h. At the meeting they wouldn’t give him
a h.; after a h. the actor was given a part. The second h. Be h. a sound.
heart, noun. hurt; caeur; Herz.
(e) Seat of the feelings.
His h. is not strong. Have a kind h.
* (Have his interests at h.; get words by h.),
** Have the h. to; take h.; take to h.
286 BASIC ENGLISH
heat (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. hiit; chaleur; Hitze, [phys.] Wdrme.
(s) High degree of heat; chaleur; Hitze.
(e) Heat of feeling; ardeur; Hitze.
A degree is a unit for measuring Be overcome by the h.; heating
food; an electric heater. In the h. of the discussion; a heated argument.
he—goat, noun. Basic words. Male goat.
help (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. help; aide, assistance; Hilfe.
(e) That which gives help; secours.
Give h. to a person; helping the cook; have helpers. The suggestion was a great h.
* (Of h.).
her. See he.
here, adv. hia*; ici; hier, hierher.
He is h.; come h.; h. is a book.
* (There are houses) h. and there.
** (Here’s to him!).
hereafter, adv., noun. Basic words. 1. After this. 2. Existence after death
( frequently the H. ).
herewith, adv. Basic words. With this.
herself, pron. Basic words. She, her (not any other person).
hiccup, noun. Onomatopoeic. Sudden automatic jumping of throat muscles, with coughing sound.
high, a., adv. hai; haut; hoch.
(e) High on a scale; éleoé.
A h. mountain; it is a mile h. A h. degree of heat; a h. position in
the business; a h. opinion of himself. Go h. up.
highlands, noun. Basic words. Mountain country.
highway, noun. Basic words. (Chief) road.
him, his. See he.
himself, pron. Basic words. He, him (not any other person).
hiss, noun. Onomatopoeic. Noise (like that) of snake.
history (histories), noun. ’histori; histoire; Geschichte.
(s) History of man or nations.
The h. of the earth’s development; this house has a long h.; the
histories of the two families have much in common. They are learning h.;
the teachings of h.
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 287
hole, noun. houl; troa; Loch.
Make a h. in the wall (tooth).
hollow, a., noun. ’holou; creux; hohl.
The ball is h. Trees in a h.; the h. of his hand.
hook (—er, -ing, -ed), noun. huk; crochet; Haken.
Put his coat on a h.; the hh. on the dress; fishing with a h. and
line; hooking up the curtain; a hooked nose.
hope (-er, -ing, —ed), noun. houp; espoir; Hofnang.
(e) That on which hopes are fixed; espérance.
Have no h. of seeing her; go in the h. that she will be there;
hoping for the best; the agreement which had been hoped for. He
is the h. of his side.
horn, noun. horn; corne; Horn.
(e) Horn substance; music—horn; corne: cor.
The cow’s hh. A vessel made of h. Playing on a h.
horse, noun. hors, cheoal; Pferd.
Go on a h.
horseback, noun. Basic words. Only ‘on h.,’ seated on a horse.
horseman, noun. Basic words. 1. Man who goes on a horse. 2. Military
man on horseback.
horseplay, noun. Basic words. Rough behavior.
horsepower, noun. Basic words. Measure of engine power. I
horseshoe, noun. Basic words. The iron put on the foot of a horse.
hospital, noun. ’hospitl; hopital; Hospital, Krankenhaas.
Go to a h.; be in the h.; a h. bed.
hotel, hor./tel. International word.
hour, noun. ’aua’°`; heare; Stancle.
(e) Time (at which); temps; Zeit.
An h. from now; he did the work in two hh. In the h. of his need;
at what h. will you come?
hourglass, noun. Basic words. Glass instrument for measuring time with sand.
house (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. hans; maison; Haus.
(e) Special building or sort of building.
Let a h.; a room housing a family of six; the housing question.
A h. of religion; a store—h.; a fowl-h.
* (Keep h.)
househoat, noun. Basic words. Boat used as house.
288 BASIC ENGLISH
housekeeper, noun. Basic words. Woman looking after a house.
housework, noun. Basic words. Work of keeping a house clean and so on.
how, adv. hau; comment, combien: wie.
(e) To what degree; in what condition (sp. of persons).
This is h. it is done; h. did you get in? We saw h. pleased he
was; h. far (much) is it? I am going to see h. the wounded man is;
h. are you, Mrs. X?
**H. good (kind, bright and so on) of you!
however, adv., conj. Basic words. In whatever degree (way); but.
humor (-er, —ing, -ed), ri. ’hjuzma*; humeur; Laune.
(e) Quality causing amusement; humeur; Humor.
Be in a bad h.; a person with strange hh.; humoring an angry
man. Say with h.; have a sense of h.; see the h. in.
hyena*, hai’i;na. International word.
hygiene*, ’hai'd5i;n. International word.
hysteria*, his’tiario. International word.
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Ogden's Basic English |
A , B ,
C , D ,
E , F ,
G , H ,
I , J , K ,
L , M ,
N , O ,
P , Q ,
R , S ,
T , U ,
V , W ,
X , Y , Z
URL : http://ogden.basic-english.org/books/tbwe.html
Last updated November 16, 2012.