The Basic words. . . : Basic English
by C. K. OGDEN
Inventor of Basic English
Director of the Orthological Institute
KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER & Co., Ltd. 1932
Psyche Miniatures, General Series No.44
A , B ,
C , D ,
E , F ,
G , H ,
I , J , K ,
L , M ,
N , O ,
P , Q ,
R , S ,
T , U ,
V , W ,
X , Y , Z
This is a work in progress.
The letter I.
I (me, my, mine; we, us, our, ours), pron. ai; ie, moi; ich.
I am a boy;Iam ill; it is I;
give me your hand; that is my book;
the other is not mine.
We are ready; take us to the house; here are
our bags; they are all ours.
ice (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, ais; glace; Eis.
(e) Iced sweet.
Put food on ice; icing wine. Make an ice.
idea, noun, ai’dio; iclée; Begrijt, Idee, Vorstellung.
Have no idea of a thing; be full of ideas;
get the idea that; my idea of the animal is not very clear.
if, conj. if; si; wenn, ob.
There will be room if you come early; if I am right, then you are
wrong; see if it is there; if only I had a chance! if it is possible,
come now; 10,if not more, went.
*(It seems as if).
ill, adj. il; malade; krank.
He is ill in hospital.
imperial, im’piariol. International name.
important (un-), adj. im’po;tant; important; wichtig.
Be in aninportant position; an important discovery; unimportant detail.
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impulse, noun, ’impAls; impulsion; Impuls.
(e) Push forward; Antieb.
Have a sudden impulse to do. The agreement gave a new impulse to trade.
*Acting on impulse is sometimes foolish.
in (-ner), prep., adv. in; dans, en: dedans; in: herein.
(s) In or into power, the position in question.
inner, adjective; intérieur; inner, inwending.
in the pot; in the water; in the field; in space; in the year; in trouble;
in the mind; be in business; in danger; in doubt; in thought; in the summer;
in the light; dressed in black; experienced in crime; in this book; in China;
in bad condition; in my opinion; in my hearing;in the hope that; in comparison with;
in relation to; in bed;in church; in prison; he is in authority here; the dog is shut in; a work in prose.
A new government got in. The inner room.
*1. The judge said the man was in the right (wrong).
2. He took a tin tray in exchange for his picture.
3. The picture itself was done in metal (wood).
4. The head is turned in a strange way.
5. Strange things are done in the name of art.
6. He is in love with a woman who is not in love with him.
7. The lift was in motion (the horse was in flight) when he got out. ,
8. It will be in operation (use) again today.
9. He gave the facts in answer to a question.
10. Basic is a very good system in fact (and in theory).
He got into bad ways; let her into a secret; in addition to this;
the cloth was made into trousers; a coat in bits; a story in detail;
in the end; in front of; in memory of him; in time he got well; have in mind;
put (a person) in mind of; papers in order; right in part; take part in;
the accounts in question; things in request; walking in step with;
in support of this; words in good (bad) taste; be in touch with;
in view of this; have a voice in; be in the way (of); take in hand;
take into account; a cord in knots; in store for; something in common; fertile in ideas;
in the belief (hope) that; in one’s interests; have belief
in a story; he in his turn.
** Arm in arm (hand in hand); come in a week; make an error in addition;
slow in doing; inflower (leaf); go infor; tricked (surprised) into.
(in keeping with; put in (words); put words into person's mouth;
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a baby inarms; competition in; in this connection; in effect;
put into effect; in the event of; laws in force; story infull; in future; be in someone’s hands; be in someone’s light; come into line; in one’s line;
long in coming; in the mass; in some measure; come in numbers; in order to; come inperson; in the first place; in place of; come into play; do in play; get in position; letter in the post; anything in reason;
in receipt of a letter; in the long run; a place in the sun; do trade in; put inf or; in time for).
income, noun, Basic words. Amount of money a person has coming in every year.
increase (-er, -ing, -ed) , noun, ’inlaccroissement, augmentation;
(e) Amount by which thing is increased; Zuwachs.
An increase of money (interest); an increase in power; increasing the rate; on an increasing scale; an increased income. The increase was small.
indoor, adjective., indoors, adv. Basic words. . (Placed, done) in the house and so on.
industry (industries), noun, 'indostri;inclustrie, zéle, application; F Zeiss.
(e) The producing of goods; a branch of producing; industrie: industrie; Industrie: Industrie.
A person of great industry. The development of trade and industry. Trouble in
the boot and shoe industry; the industries of the country.
inferno“, in'fa:nou. International word.
influenza, influ'enzo. International word.
ink (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, ink; encre; Tinte.
Writing with ink; inking a line.
inland, adv., adjective. Basic words. To or on land away from sea.
inlet, noun, Basic words. Small arm of sea.
in(ner)most, adjective, Basic words. Farthest in.
insect, noun, ’insekt; insecte; Insekt.
A fly is an insect with wings.
inside, noun, adjective., adverb., prep. Basic words. (Of, in, to) the inner part.
instep, noun, Basic words. Top of persons’ foot.
instrument, noun, ’instrumant; instrument; Instrument, Werkzeug.
(s) Instrument of music.
(e) Thing or person used as an instrument; moyen, agent; Mittel, Werkzeug.
A recording instrument.; using a sharp instrument. Playing on an instrument.; a stringed instrument. He
made use of his friends as instruments for his purpose.
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insurance, noun, in’fuarans; assurance; Versicherung.
Get insurancefor one’s house; go to an insurancecompany; he was late with his insurance money.
interest (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, ’intrist; intérét; Interesse.
(e) Quality of causing interest; that which is to one’s profit (freq.
interests) : right to part of profits of a business: payment for use of money;
intérit: intérét; participation: intérét: Interesse: Interesse: Anteil: Zinsen.
Take an interest in history; be interested in others; an interesting play.
It has no interest for me. The agreement is against his interest. He has a small
interest in the business. Get no interest for a year.
* Foolish acts are not in one’s interests. (The intereston his money is high; these facts are of interest.)
international, inta(;)’nwjnl. International word.
into, prep. Basic words. To a position in.
invention, noun, in’venj'an; invention; Erfindung.
(e) Act of invention.
The radio is a great invention; the story was an invention; Working on the inventionof a new process.
iron (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, ’aian; fer; Eisen.
(e) Iron for linen; fer a repasser; Biigeleisen.
The railing is made of iron.; an iron rod; the iron industry. Using an electric iron; ironing linen.
is. See be.
island, noun, ’ailend; ile; Insel.
Living on an island.
it (its). See he.
itself, pron. Basic words. It (not any other thing).
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The Letter J
Jazz*, ’d5aez. International word.
jelly (jellies), noun, ’d5eli; gelée, gélatine; Gelee, Gallerte.
(e) Any jelly-like substance.
Making jelly from fruit; there were jellies and cakes on the table.
Crushed to a jelly .
jellyfish, noun, Basic words. Sea animal like a jelly.
jewel (-ler, -ling, -led), noun, ’d5u(;)al; biiou, ioyau; juwel.
(e) jeweled ornament; biiou; Schmuck.
A green jewel in a ring; take a broken ring to a jeweler; a jeweled coat (hand). A jewel with a blue stone.
join (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, d3@in; joint, iointure; Zasammen-fiigang. Gelenk, Naht.
-er, (s) Woodworker; menuisier; Tischler.
-ing, (e) Taking one’s place with, becoming one of.
The joint between the two boards; the joint of the arm; make a joint in the wood; joining two threads; with joined hands. Her son is a joiner.
He is joining his friends in Paris tomorrow.
** Joining up.
journey (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, ’d3a;ni; voyage; Reise.
Take a long journey ; the journey there and back; journeying from place to place.
* (Go on a journey).
judge (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, d3Ad3; juge, arbitre; Beurteiler, Kenner.
(s) Law judge; juge; Richter.
Be a good judge of horses; judging the distance; judging by his face.
Come before a judge
jump (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, d5Amp; saut; Sprung.
Give a jump over the wall; make a bad jump ; jumping from stone to stone.
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The letter K.
keep (keeps, kept, keeping, keeper), verb. kiyp; garder, tenir; (be)halten.
(e) Have (take) care of (animals, sp. for profit), or be responsible for looking after (a place); go on (doing), do again and again.
Keep one’s money; keep a secret; keep a person from doing; the rubber
band keeps the pencils together; keep off the grass; keep to the point;
he kept his thoughts back; they are keeping the fire burning. He
keeps fowls; keep dogs; keep a store; one of the keepers in the museum
(park); the keeper went out with a gun. He keeps coming to see
me; the two girls kept talking.
**1. She keeps house for her father.
2. He has only her to keep him company.
3. We kept the manager on though it was unwise.
4. He kept his interest up all through the winter.
5. I kept up with the changes in public opinion, and took his place.
(Keep one’s word; keep an eye on; keep on (doing)).
**Keep something to oneself; in keeping with. (Keep clear of; keep one’s
head; keep one’s mind on; keep time (with) ).
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kettle, s. ’ketl; bouilloire; Kessel.
Put the kettle on the tire; a kettle of water.
key (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, kiz; clef; Schlassel.
(e) Scale of sound: guide to something: any of the parts of a
piano, writing machine, or other instrument by which the fingers
put it into operation; ton: clef, clef; T onart: Schlrissel: Taste.
Turning the key in the lock. This song is in a different key; keying a piano. The key to the question; go through the book with the key.
The keys of the piano are dirty; playing on the black keys only.
keyhole, n. Basic words. Hole in lock for key.
keynote, n. Basic words. Note on which key (in music) is based.
keystone, n. Basic words. Middle stone in an arch.
kick (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, kik; coup de pied; Fasstritt.
(e) ]ump of an engine, gun; retoar cl’allumage, recul; Rackstoss.
Give the thing a kick; kicking the ball. The engine gave a kick when I was starting it.
kind (un-, -ly), adjective. kaind; bon, bienveillant; gritig, freandlich.
Be kind to animals; have a kind friend; unkind words; smiling kindly.
* (That was very kind of you).
king, kin. International name.
kiss (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. kis; batser; Kass.
Give her a kiss; kissing his mother.
knee, noun. ni:; genou; Knie.
(e) Knees as seat; genoux.
Go down on one’s knees. A little boy seated on his fathe's knee.
knife (knives, -er, -ing, -ed), noun, ’naif; couteau; Messer.
Cutting meat with a knife.; all the boys had knives; knifing a man.
knot (-ter, -ting, -ted), noun. not; naaud; Knoten.
(e) Knot in wood; Knorren, Ast (im Brett).
Put a knot in the thread; the wool is all knotted; knotting the cord.
Planing down the knots in the board.
* A fishing line in knots.
knowledge, noun, ’nalid5; connaissance; Kenntnis, Wissen.
(e) Condition of having knowledge; Kenntnis.
I have no knowledge of it; talking with knowledge; a new bit of knowledge; a good knowledge of French.
In the knowledge that; do it without their knowledge.
** To my knowlege he is not here.
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The letter L.
land (-er, -ing, -ed), noun. laend; terre; Land.
(s) the country; campagne.
-ing, (e) Floor at top of steps; palier; Treppenabsatz, Vorplatz.
Land and sea; land for building on; landing at Dover; landing a fish.
Go back to the land; working on the land. A bedroom opening onto the landing.
landmark, noun, Basic words. Something marking a point (on the land or in history).
landowner, noun, Basic words. Person who is an owner of land.
landslip, noun, Basic words. The fall of a mass of land down a slope.
language, noun, ’lae1ggwid3; langage, langue; Sprache.
Suggestions for a new l.; talking a strange I.; using strong 1.;
dead ll.; the l. question; the power of l.
last, a., noun, adv. luzst; final: le dernier; letzte (-r, -.9): zuletzt.
(e) Latest up to now; passe, dernier; vorige.
This is my l. chance; his l. words. L. year he came earlier; at our
l. meeting; the l. time I was there. He was the l. to go; that was
the l. I saw of him. This comes l.
** (He came at l.; I have seen him for the l. time).
late, a., adv. leit; tard; spat.
(e) After the right time; now dead; tardif, en retard: feu; (zu)
It is getting l.; late in the day. You are late for the meeting. The l.
George Smith. He came l.
** Come at 6 at the latest.
laugh (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, luzf; rire; Gelachter, Laohen.
Have a good l.; he gave a loud l.; laughing about it.
* (Laughing at the boy).
laughing-gas, noun, Basic words. . Gas used medically for making person
unconscious of pain when having teeth out and so on.
lava, ’1<1xva. International word.
law, noun, lo; loi; Gesetz.
(e) Natural law: system of laws: men of law; loi: droit: hommes
de loi; Gesetz: Hecht: Gesetz.
Make a new l. The l. about the attraction of bodies. In Roman l.;
go to l. The opinion of the l.
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 295
lead (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, led; plomb; Blei.
(e) Black substance used in pencils; mine de crayon.
A ball of 1.; 1. pipes; leaded windows. The l. of my pencil is broken.
leaf, noun, lizf; feuille; Blatt.
(e) Flat bit: l. of paper forming 2 pages of book; feuillet.
A l. off a tree; the time of the fall of the leaves. A thin l. of wax.
A l. has come out of the book.
**(Trees in l,).
learning (learner), noun, adj. ’la;ni1g; action dlzpprendre, étude; Lernen.
(e) Book-knowledge; éruclition; Gelehrsamkeit.
He’s not good at l. facts; a simple book for the learner. A person
of great l. You are l. Basic English.
leather, noun, ’le%Sa*’; cuir; Leder.
The smell of new l.; a l. coat.
left, a., noun, left; gauclie; linke (-r, -s).
(e) Political group(s) desiring change, supporting workers
The l. arm. On the l.; to the l. A govemment of the L.
left-handed, adj. Basic words. Using left hand more than the right.
left-wing, adj. Basic words. Politically of the Left.
leg, noun, leg; iambe; Bein.
(e) Support or other thing like a leg; pied.
My left l.; the ll. of the table; one l. of his trousers. r
less (least). See little.
let (lets, letting), v., aux. v. let; laisser; lassen.
(e) Give use of (building and so on) for payment; loner; vermieten.
I will l. the boys go to the woods to-day; she has l. down her hair;
he came to the door to l. me in; l. the dog loose (free); l. it
be done! I have l. my house for the winter. L. us go and see a play.
*1. The teacher let the boy of (punishment) when she saw how unhappy he was.
2. She will not let us into her secret.
3. She let out the skirt because it was tight.
4. A good man would not let his friends down.
5. Please let me (the machine) be.
**L. me see. (L. oneself go).
296 BASIC ENGLISH
letter (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, ’leta*"; lettre; Buchstabe.
(e) Words in writing sent to a person; Brief.
ll. = books, writing.
Learning the ll.; lettering the cards. Send a l. to a friend. A man of ll.
level (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, adj. ’levl; niveau: horizontal, plat; Niveau, Ebene: wagerecht.
The l. of the water is lower than that of the field; a high 1. of
discussion; these are on a l. (with one another); leveling the road;
a leveling tendency. L. country; keep the camera l.
library, noun, ’laibrari; bibliothéque; Bibliothek.
(e) Group of books; Buchersammlung.
Building a new l.; the town has three libraries. He has a good science l.
lift (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, lift; action de lever; Heben.
(e) Lifting apparatus; ascenseur; Fahrstuhl.
A lift of the hand; lifting boxes; the clouds are lifting. Go up in the l.
light (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, adj. lait; lumiere: clair; Licht: hell.
(e) Apparatus giving light; anything used as a match: new
knowledge; lampe: feu: éclaircissement; Leuehte: Feuer: Erleuchtung.
The room is full of l.; the shutters keep out the l.; lighting the
theater. Have electric l.; a wax l. Give him a l. for his pipe; lighting
a match. The book gives new l. on the question. A l. color.
* (Facts come to l.; the l. is on).
** You are in my l.
lighthouse, noun, Basic words. Tall structure with light for guiding ships.
like (un-), a., prep. laik; comme, pareil a; gleich, wie, iihnlich.
It is l. a flower; the two boys are very unlike (one another); they
have l. tastes; I had a l. experience yesterday; fish-]. You are acting
l. a baby.
** Not anything (nothing) l. as good (as).
limit (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, ’limit; limite, borne; Grenze, Beschrdnkung.
-ed, (e) Narrow; étroit, borné; beschriinkt.
The town ll.; the ll. of our knowledge; his hate has no l.; limiting
the amount; their power is unlimited. Limited views.
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 297
line (-er, -ing, -ed), 11. lain; ligne, trait; Linie, Zeile.
(e) Line of things: rails for train: a cord; file: voie, ligne: eorde;
Reihe, Zeile: Geliese: Leine.
A l. on paper; a straight l. from A to B; a lined face. A l. of
houses; a l. of men; a l. of thought; lining the streets. The train
came off the 1. A Hsh on a l.
** Come into l.; something in one’s l.; out of Z.; get a Z. on.
linen, noun, ’linin; toile de lin; Leinen.
(e) Linen or cotton things for house; linge; Wdsche.
A square of l.; a l. dress. Send the bed-l. to the wash.
lip, noun, lip; lévre; Lippe.
(s) L.-like part; bec; Rand.
Biting his l.; she puts paint on her ll. The l. of the pot.
lipstick, noun, Basic words. . Stick of paint for the lips. I
liqueur*, 1i’kju:.>‘*. International word.
liquid, noun, adj. ’likwid; liquide; Fliissigkeit.
Milk is a l. L. air; the butter has become l. in the heat.
list (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, list; Ziste; Verzeichnis.
A l. of words; listing the names.
little (less, least), a., adv., pron., s. ’]itl; (un) peu (de); (ein) wenig.
(e) Small in size; young; petit; klein.
There is l. food; please make less noise; this boy gave the least
trouble. A l. house. When I was a l. boy. He is l. more than a boy;
be a l. angry; he is less noted than his brother. I am able to do l.;
he has the least. A l. goes a long way.
* (Make l. of a thing; Z. by Z. he got well again; there were at
least 1,000 persons there.
living (liver), a., noun, 'liviig; vivant, demeurant, qui demeure; subsistence; lebend, wohnend: Unterhalt.
A l. person; he is l. in a house (town); l. on a small income; put
the l. before the dead. Get a l. by working; good l.
lock (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, lnk; serrure; Schloss.
The door has no l.; locking the door.
* (The house is locked up).
lockout, noun, Basic words. The shutting of a works by the owners for
the purpose of forcing the workers to an agreement.
lockstitch, noun, Basic words. Specially strong sort of stitch made by machine.
long, adj. lm]; long; lang.
(e) (As) measured from end to end; de long.
A l. distance; 1. hair; a l. time. A snake 3 feet l.; l. measure.
* He no longer has peace.
** Before l.; l. before; be l. in (coming); so l. as he goes. (So l.!).
298 BASIC ENGLISH
look (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, Iuk; regard; Blick.
(e) How a thing seems when looked at; air, aspect; Ausdruck, Aussehen.
Give a look under the seat; looking for the book. A look of regret came
over his face; the look of the house; looking sad.
* (Looking at the stars; looking after the house; looking down on teachers).
** On the look-out; looking forward to an event; looking on; looking up to.
looking-glass, noun, Basic words. Glass backed with quicksilver for looking
at oneself in.
look-out, noun, Basic words. (Person, place for) keeping watch.
loose (-ly), adj. luis; lache, détaché, desserré; lose, locker.
(e) (Of person, behavior) not controlled, having no respect for
right rules: without care for facts, details; reldché: irréfléchi; locker: achtlos, ungenau.
A loose tooth; l. papers; her hair was loosely pinned up. A loose person.
A loose statement.
loss, noun, los; perte; Verlust.
(e) Being unable to come across; égarement; Abhanden-kommen.
The loss of a position; his death was a great loss to her; he has had
serious ll. in business. Troubled by the loss of one’s papers.
* He was at a l. for words. (A l. on the business).
** (He kept the works going at a l.)
loud (-ly), adj. laud; fort, bruyant; laut.
(e) In bad taste, forcing attention; ooyant; aulfallend.
Give a loud cry; a loud voice; say loudly. He is loud in his dress.
*(Say out l.).
love (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, Liv; affection, amour; Liebe.
(e) Thing for which one has love; pleasure in; amour: amour.
L. for one’s son; loving a baby; he is her lover. She is his I.
A l. for food; loving to do.
* Make l. to a person. (His l. of animals; be in love with someone).
low, a., adv. lou; bas; niedrig.
(e) Placed far down; low on a scale; not upright.
A low seat; a l. wall. The moon was l.; a l. branch. A person of
l. birth; a l. opinion of. A l. trick. The airplane came l.
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The letter M.
macaroni **, maekdrouniInternational word.
machine (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, ma’fim; machine; Maschine.
That work is now done by a machine; machining a dress.
madam, ’maedam. International word.
make (makes, made, making, maker), verb. meik; faire, fabriquer; machen, oeranfertigen.
maker, (s) Owner of business making goods; fahricant; Fabrikant.
M. cloth; m. a law; m. a person go; m. money; m. a living;
m. history; m. use of; m. an adjustment; m. observations; he is
making trouble; m. an invention; that made him seem foolish; these
walls m. a prison. The trade-mark of the maker is on the camera.
**1. He made up a story which was not quite true.
2. It was hard to make out the sense of his words.
3. He had made the material into trousers, in error.
4. She made much (little) of it.
5. Do not make sport of an old man.
* (Made of wool; m. a face; m. certain; m. looe to).
** M. good; made up of. (M. up for a loss; m. war on; m. eyes
at; m. friends with; m. one’s mark in society; m. a point of; m.
things warm for a person; m. one’s way).
malaria*’, me’leario. International word.
male, a., noun, meil; male; miinnlich.
A m. voice; a m. point of view. The cat is a m.
man (men, -ner, -ning, -ned), noun, maen; homme; Mann.
(e) Group name for men and women: one having strong qualities
natural to a man. Mensch: Mann.
A m. with a future; a group of men; manning the boats. The
history of m. The army will make a m. of him.
manager, noun, ’maenid5a”; directeur, manager; Leiter.
He is in the position of m.; the m. of the sports.
mania*, ’meinia. International word.
manhole, noun, Basic words. Hole in floor (street) for man to go through
to place under it.
map (-per, -ping, -ped), noun, maep; carte, plan; [Land-, See-]Karte, Plan.
A m. of the country; mapping a journey.
mark (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, mark; marque; Zeichen.
(s) Mark as sign; marque; Zeichen.
(e) School mark; note; Zensar.
300 BASIC ENGLISH
-ed, (e) Noted down for punishment; strong, clear, readily
noted; repéré: marqué, accentué; gebrandmarkt, gezeichnet:
A m. on a dress; a page marked by a dirty Hnger; she is marking
the linen with her name. A m. over the letter; his last resting-place
is marked by a stone. Get good mm. Become a marked man. A
marked interest in.
**A man of m.; be wide of the m.; make one’s m.
market (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, ’ma;kit; marché, halle; Markt.
(e) Persons or organizations ready to give money in exchange
for certain goods; debouché; Absatz.
There is a m. in the town square; take pigs to m. There’s no m.
for pictures; the cotton m.; marketing produce.
married (un-), adj. 'maerid; marié; oerheiratet.
He is m. to my sister; we are going to get m.; a m. woman; an unmarried girl.
mass (masses, -er, -ing, -ed), noun, maes; masse; Masse, Haufen.
(e) Amount of material in a body; Masse. ·
mm. = the workers; masses; Massen.
A m. of jelly; a m. of persons; a m. meeting; massing the things
together. The m. of a body is not the same thing as its weight.
Government by the masses.
** Good in the m.
match (matches), noun, maetj; allumette; Streichholz.
Lighting a cigarette with a m.; a box of matches.
material, a., noun, mdtarial; materiel; stofflich: Stef.
(e) With thoughts on things of the earth; materiell.
A m. substance. A very m. view. Using good m.
* (Make the m. into trousers).
mathematics, mae0i’maetiks. International name of science.
may (might), aux. v. mei; pouooir; mogen, diirfen, kannen.
(s) Be free to, be let (do and so on).
It m. be true; if that took place, you might be worse off than you
are; they said they might come. He m. have my seat; you m. go now.
me (my). See I.
meal, noun, mix]; repay; Mahlzeit.
(e) Powdered grain; farine; Mehl.
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 301
Have a good m. M. mixed with water.
measure (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, ’me5o**; mesure; Mass.
(e) Measuring-scale or instrument.
Get its in.; measuring the top. Using a steel m.; a m. of heat.
** In some m.
meat, noun, mirt; viande; Fleisch.
Get the m. cut up.
medical (un-, -ly), adj. ’medikal; medical; drztlich.
Go to a rn. man; a m. substance; a m. school; the plant is used medically.
meeting, noun, adj. f=',o:tin; rencontre; Begegnung.
(s) Group meeting; assemblée; Versammlung.
(e) Persons at a meeting; assemlolée; Versammlung.
Have a m. with a friend. A m. of a society. Put it before the m.
I am m. the train.
memory (memories), noun, ’memori; mémoire; Gediichtnis.
(e) Memory picture; souvenir; Andenken, Erinnerung.
I have a bad m. Have happy memories of Rome.
* In m. of his father.
metal, noun, metl; métal; Metall.
Silver is a white m.; a m. plate.
* (The picture was done in m.).
mew, s. Onomatopoeic. Sound of a cat. '
middle, noun, adj. ’midl; centre, milieu: moyen; Mitte: mittel.
(e) Position between; intermédiaire.
The m. of a circle; the m. of the day. I was in the m., with a
man on my right, and man on my left. The m. point.
might. See may.
military (un-), a., s. ’militari; militaire; militiirisch.
A m. event; rn. dress; his air is quite umnilitary. The rn.
milk (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, milk; lait; Milch.
Have a glass of m; milking a cow.
mind, noun, maind; intelligence; Verstand, Sinn.
(e) Memory; mémoire; Gediichtnis.
He has an interesting rn.; the idea is still in her m. It went out of my m.
* I have in m. the picture; it puts me in mind of you; I have a
(good) m. to get it.
** Keep one’s m. on. (Frame of m.).
302 BASIC ENGLISH
mine (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, main; mine; Bergwerk.
(e) Place and so on which has great store ( of something): mine
used in war; puits: mine; Fandgrube: Mine.
Get gold out of a rn.; mining vcoal; be a miner. A m. of knowledge.
Put down mm.; the ship was mined.
minute, noun, 'rninit; minute; Minate.
(e) A very short time; moment: Aagenblick.
Put it in water for two mm.; it is Hve mm. to one; at that m.
someone came into the room. I will come in a m.
Miss; International name.
mist, noun, mist; broaillard, brame; Nebel.
There was a rn. over the town; a m. came up from the sea.
mixed (un-), adj. mikst; mélé; gemischt.
(e) Of different sorts; not clear; mélangé; embroaillé; gemisoht: durcheinander.
Two powders m. together; get the paints well m.; pleasure
unmixed with regret. A m. group of women. He has got his ideas very m.
money, noun, ’mAni; argent; Geid.
Give m. to a person; make m.; put m. into a business.
money-order, noun, Basic words. . Post-office check.
monkey, noun, 'mrugki; singe; Age.
The m. took a nut.
month, noun, rnAn€-); mais; Kalender-Monat.
(e) A space of 4 weeks; mois; Monat.
March is the third m. Come a m. from now; the work took three mm.
moon, noun, mum; Zane; Mond.
(e) Body going round a moving star.
There is no m. tonight. ]upiter has 4 mm.
more (most). See much.
moreover, adv. Basic words. . In addition to this.
morning, noun, ’m:>:nin; matin; Morgen.
(e) Early part of the day; matinée; Vormittag.
After 12 at night it is m. The m. has gone quickly.
* (Good morning.)
INTERNATIONAL SECOND LANGUAGE 303
mother, noun, adj. ’mAtie"‘; mere, natal, naturel; Mutter, Geburts-.
She became a m.; a m. bird; English is my m. tongue.
mother-in-law, noun, Basic words. . Mother of the man (woman) one is married to.
motion (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, ’moufan; mouoement; Bewegung.
(s) Motion of part of the body as a sign; geste, signe; Korperbewegung, Wink(en).
(e) Suggestion put to a meeting; motion; Antrag.
The quick m. of the airplane. Make a m. with the hand; motioning him to come.
Put a m. to the meeting.
* (The train is in m,).
mountain, noun, ’1nauntin; montagne; Berg.
Go up a m.; a m. range.
mouth (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, mau6; bouche; Mund, Maul.
(e) Opening: mouth of a river; orifice, embouchure; Offnung, Mundung.
His m. was open; the cat has a bird in its rn.; he has a way of
mouthing his words. The in. of the bag. Near the rn. of the river.
* (By word of m.),
** (Put words into someone’s m.).
move (-er, -ing, -ed), noun, muzv; action de bouger, déplacement, déménagement; Bewegung. ,
(e) Step, act; démarche; Schritt.
-ing, (e) Causing strong feeling; émouoant; riihrend.
Make a m.; moving the train forward. Make a foolish m.
moving play; the hearers were much moved.
Mr., International name.
Mrs., International name.
much (more, most), a., adv., pron. miitf; beaucoup; oiel: sehr.
Have m. food; she took more trouble than her brother. Fruit is
m. cheaper here; this book is more interesting than that, but this
other is the most interesting of the three; it isn't raining m. Have
m. to do; he gave more than I did; most of what he said is true.
* (Make m. of a fact; there were at most 100 persons).
museum, mju(z)’ziam. International name.
muscle, noun, ’mAsl; muscle; Muskel.
The eye is moved by 6 muscles.; this work makes one’s arm muscels strong.
304 BASIC ENGLISH
music, noun, ’mju;zik; musique; Musik.
(e) Pleasing group of sounds: pages of music; musique: cahier de
musique; Musik: Noten.
They were playing beautiful m. The m. of the wind in the trees.
He came without his m. ·
myself, pron. Basic words. I, me (not any other person).
On to next :the letter N.
A , B ,
C , D ,
E , F ,
G , H ,
I , J , K ,
L , M ,
N , O ,
P , Q ,
R , S ,
T , U ,
V , W ,
X , Y , Z
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Last updated November 18, 2012.